Immunity in children - the principles of a healthy lifestyle
- Immunity in children - the principles of a healthy lifestyle
Parents should take measures to encourage the strengthening of immunity Immunity - help the immune system in children, because in childhood is best to create a solid foundation for the baby's health, as well as to begin to develop the habit of his to the correct way of life - all of this will help him to hurt less in the future.
What can be done to the baby better resisted the numerous micro-organisms, it has been exposed, day after day?First of all, we must understand that the disease is quite frequent in children - is normal.All people are born with "inexperienced" immunity, which is still not well able to recognize the dangers threatening the health and cope with them.The immune system develops largely due to illness, and so many doctors consider the norm, when a small child is six or seven times a year sick colds, flu, sore throat, and other common infectious diseases.
How to strengthen the immune system of the child
- Make sure the child is old enough to sleep
has long been proven that lack of sleep makes adults more susceptible to various diseases due to the fact that the body stops producing enough cellsthat fight germs or cancer cells.The same goes for children.It is believed that particularly vulnerable in this regard children attending kindergartens - because of active play, with peers and constant new experiences it is often difficult to sleep on time.How much sleep do children need?Infants normally should sleep about 18 hours a day, children from one year to three or four years - 12-13 hours, and preschoolers need to about ten hours of sleep.If the child can not or does not want to sleep during the day, evening put him to bed early.At least one hour before bedtime, turn off the TV, do not play with the child in active games, and start to customize it to a peaceful night's rest: read a book, take a look with him pictures of animals or beautiful places, and tell us about them, and so on.Try to put your child to bed every day at about the same time.
Breast milk contains antibodies, whereby the immune system is partly transferred to a nursing mother to the kid.
Breastfeeding reduces the likelihood of ear infections, allergies, diarrhea, pneumonia, meningitis, urinary tract infections, and sudden infant death syndrome Sudden Infant Death Syndrome - the cause has not yet been found .Also, it was found that children who are breastfed differ, on average, better mental development and the risk of development of insulin-dependent diabetes, Crohn's disease, colitis and certain forms of cancer are lower than those in breast milk formula fed age Dairy mixture - selection of the useful power .Pediatricians recommend that women with the opportunity to feed the children with breast milk until they are one year old.If this is not possible, try to breastfeed for at least the first two or three months of life.However, women who for some reason it can not provide your child breastfeeding, do not despair and blame themselves - they should focus on other measures to strengthen the children's immunity.
- Engage with your child in sports, play outdoor games and a lot of walking
Regular physical activity helps to strengthen the immune system in both children and adults.To the child developed a persistent habit of doing sports, parents should be an example for him.Just telling a child about the benefits of sport, you will achieve a much lower results than if you train yourself to training and to involve children.Walk with the kids camping, run with them, ride a bike and ski, play soccer, basketball, volleyball, tennis, and so on.
- Protect against pathogens
Generally it does not strengthen the immune system, but it can reduce the burden on the immune system.Teach your child to wash their hands after using the toilet, after a walk, before eating, after eating, after communicating with animals and so on.Going for a walk with your child, bring your wet wipes and use them as needed.
child to quickly learn how to wash their hands regularly without your reminders, give him an opportunity to choose a bright towels and soap every color, shape and scent.
If a child is sick, throw his toothbrush.If the disease is caused by a virus, the baby does not become infected with it again, but the virus can cross over to the neighboring tooth brushes, and infect other family members.If the bacteria have become agents of disease, and they came to a toothbrush, using it, a child can become infected again.
- Spare the child from passive smoking
If you or your partner smoke, give up this habit, or at least do not smoke at home.Tobacco smoke contains more than four thousand of toxins, most of which can adversely affect many of the body's cells.For children, passive smoking is more dangerous than adults because they breathe more often, and the system of detoxification of the body have not yet sufficiently developed.Due to secondhand smoke increases the risk of disorders such as bronchitis, asthma, sudden infant death syndrome and ear infections.It can also affect the mental development of the child.
- Do not press down on the pediatrician
Some parents insist that a pediatrician wrote out antibiotics as soon as their child is sick sinusitis, sore throat, or ear infections.Antibiotics help only in bacterial infections, and diseases listed above are most often caused by viruses.However, even if the agents become bacteria, antibiotic therapy is not always required, but only in cases where several days child no improvement, or when the disease is very severe symptoms.
- Help your child cope with stress
among some parents is widely believed that if the child is fed, clothed, and not hurt the house, its nothing should disturb, because he is not yet familiar with the real problems faced by adults in life.This opinion is absolutely wrong: Children can suffer from stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis just as well as adults.The abundance of diverse information, which comes from a variety of sources, visiting a kindergarten, school, and often additional employment, difficulties in communicating with their peers, without which, perhaps, can not do one - all this leads to increased levels of cortisol and adrenaline in the child.If the levels of these hormones remains elevated for a long time, the immune system will gradually wane.Therefore, it is imperative that the child had enough time to rest and hobbies that he had the opportunity to chat with friends, and that he knew that, if necessary, can always get emotional support from their parents.