Epistaxis in the child, of course, very frightening parents, but in most cases it is not a sign of serious violations.So why the child is bleeding from the nose, what does this mean?
Such bleeding begins when burst small blood vessels in the nasal cavity.From inside the nasal cavity is very delicate, blood vessels close to the surface, so damaging them quite easily.
Children nosebleeds happen fairly often, and are usually the result of fights with their peers or very active play, during which the kids forget about caution.This bleeding is usually minor (even if there are stains on the clothing of blood from the nose blood from the nose - what she can tell? , it is usually only looks scary - in fact, the blood flows in a small amount)and last no more than ten minutes at a time.Other common causes of nosebleeds in children include:
- overly sensitive blood vessels, which can burst, such as very hot or dry weather;
- infection - often affecting the nose, throat or sinuses;
- Allergies (eg, severe allergy to dust mites or hay fever);
- Entry of foreign bodies in the nose;
- physical stress (such as during very intensive training);
- certain drugs (for example, some anti-inflammatory drugs or nasal sprays).
types of bleeding
In identifying the causes of bleeding in a child is important to its type.There are front and rear nosebleeds.In the case of the front nose of bleeding blood vessels is located on the bottom surface of the nasal septum.Damage to this part of the nose is very easy and there are a lot of capillaries, so that such bleeding in children - are not uncommon.Reasons front of epistaxis can be:
- habit of picking his nose.This makes many children, and if they scratched the surface of the nails of the nasal mucosa may start bleeding;
- bad cold.Bleeding can be caused by frequent and strong blowing your nose;
- deviated septum, which is both innate and acquired as a result of trauma;
- Colds and flu;
- Nasal congestion due to infection or allergies;
- Excessive dryness of the nasal mucosa due to low humidity or heating during the cold season;
- abuse decongestants.
In addition, the child can go to a nosebleed while traveling at high altitudes.Sometimes this happens with adults, but in children this reaction usually occurs at a lower altitude than that of adults.
Nosebleeds in children of this type are the most common, and are usually unable to easily stop at home.
Rear nosebleeds usually are more abundant and long.They may be the result of more or less serious violations, and are more common in adults than in children.In such cases, the blood is from the rear wall of the nasal cavity.If this type of bleeding child may require medical attention.Probable cause posterior nasal hemorrhage:
- Falls and injuries.If after an injury a child started bleeding heavily from the nose, which can not be stopped for 5-10 minutes, contact your doctor - it is likely that he has a fracture;
- Transferred recent surgery on the nose;
- High blood pressure Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing? .The probability that a child hypertension Hypertension - Control your blood pressure , very small, but it can not be entirely ruled out, especially if it is often bleeding from the nose for no apparent reason;
- exposure to chemicals that cause severe irritation of the nasal mucosa;
- tumor in his nose.
In very rare cases, nosebleeds in children are caused by leukemia and bleeding disorders such as hemophilia Hemophilia - a rare, but the disease sign or von Willebrand's disease.
To stop a nosebleed, it is necessary first of all to reassure the child.Small frequent frightening sight of blood, but if he was crying, bleeding can only intensify.Try to convince him that nothing bad will happen, and if it will calm down, everything will be soon.Then seat the child and ask them to lean slightly forward (not backward, as often - and wrongly - make an attempt to stop the bleeding from the nose).Use your fingers to squeeze the nostrils of children, or ask him to do it yourself, and keep it well for ten minutes.You can also press it to his nose clean gauze or a soft cloth so that it absorbed the blood.
does not check if the bleeding has stopped, until after ten minutes - to stop the bleeding, it takes time.Ten minutes to the nose, you can apply a cold compress.If during this time the bleeding stopped, or if the child is very often bleeding from the nose, contact your doctor.