- Inguinal hernia in children - how to eliminate the defect
inguinal hernia is called a disorder in which part of the intestine or omentum bulges through a small hole in the abdominal wall.Generally, under the skin thus there are more or less large bulge.Inguinal hernia in children is a rare phenomenon.
Inguinal hernia in newborn boys in some cases, can be lowered into the scrotum.This disorder occurs in 1-5% of children born at term, and at least 7% of premature infants.In addition, an inguinal hernia in newborn girl found in 4-8 times less than that of boys.
Causes inguinal hernia in children
significant part of the period of fetal development testicles in boys placed in the abdominal cavity.Approximately seven months pregnant, they gradually begin to descend into the scrotum by a special structure called the inguinal canal.Shortly before the birth of the child, this channel starts to close;the process continues after birth, and normally by the end of the first year
If this did not happen, and the abdominal muscles are not well close the hole in the inguinal canal, inguinal hernia may occur.
Inguinal hernia in adolescents may develop for the same reason;this can also contribute to intense physical activity.
Girls has a structure reminiscent of the inguinal canal boys only opening leading into it, less likely to develop a hernia, and they have much lower.
The following factors increase the risk of inguinal hernia in children:
- The birth of premature and / or low birth weight;
- Someone from blood relatives of the child was suffering from an inguinal hernia in early childhood;
- patient have any other urologic problems.
Inguinal hernia in infants is not developed because of the fact that his mother during pregnancy, such as smoking, malnourished, worked or been exposed to severe stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis .All this, of course, does not negate the fact that pregnant women need to lead a healthy life, and yet they need to know: inguinal hernia in a child - is a disease in which the development of the parents did not blame.
hole in the abdominal wall of a child is present at birth, and herniation may occur at almost any time.Very often, an inguinal hernia Inguinal hernia - dangerous or not? detected in children soon after birth or in the first year of life.
Symptoms of inguinal hernia in children
The most common symptom of an inguinal hernia in children (as well as, and adults) - a bulge in the groin or scrotal swelling.It usually painless (although sometimes at a pressure of her child may experience mild discomfort), soft and smooth, with no redness, peeling or any other changes on the surface.It may disappear or significantly reduced in size when the child is relaxed and lying on his back.
particularly well hernia noticeable stress abdominal muscles, for example, when a child cries, coughs, and so on.
Other symptoms of an inguinal hernia in infants is usually absent - if it refers to the most common categories of free hernia.This hernia can easily push through the hole back into the abdominal cavity;then a hernia for some time it becomes less noticeable, though, of course, and does not disappear completely.If the hernia is impossible to push through an opening in the abdominal wall, talking about strangulated hernia.In some cases, this condition leads to the fact that part of the intestine in blood circulation;while a child may experience the following symptoms:
- General malaise;
- pain in the groin;
- nausea and vomiting;
- bulge in the groin reddish color, at a pressure which the child feels pain;
- The bulge becomes more noticeable when the baby cries or coughs.
diagnosis of inguinal hernia in children
Typically, to diagnose inguinal hernia in a child, the doctor is enough to ask parents about the symptoms of the disease and to conduct palpation of the abdomen.Sometimes also used for diagnostic medical imaging techniques, as a rule - ultrasound.