Conjunctivitis in children - one of the most frequent diseases
Conjunctivitis in children - are not uncommon, especially in children's groups.At the same time, the younger the children are, the more likely event of an outbreak of conjunctivitis.Prevention of this disease is the strict observance of hygiene and isolation of affected children.
cause of conjunctivitis in children
In children, the most frequent infectious conjunctivitis.The cause of the disease in most cases, is opportunistic and pathogenic bacterial microflora - Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, different types of streptococci, E. coli, Proteus, and others.Bacterial conjunctivitis often occur as outbreaks in preschool groups, especially in nurseries.The infection is spread by contact through dirty hands contaminated with discharge from the eyes of subjects.
Bacterial conjunctivitis in infants may be due to poor care for the child.It is theoretically possible development of gonococcal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia) in infants when infected during birth from the mother.But for many years neonatal ophthalmia almost does not occur, as in the hospital all newborns immediately after birth is carried out to prevent this disease.
from viral conjunctivitis in children often occurs adenoviral conjunctivitis Adenoviral conjunctivitis - a frequent visitor in the offseason , infection which occurs mainly by airborne droplets.But it is not excluded pin and nutritional (through food) ways of infection.
allergic and autoimmune (allergic to eye tissue) conjunctivitis in children also occur.Allergic conjunctivitis is often accompanied by allergic rhinitis, autoimmune conjunctivitis can be a part of an autoimmune process.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis in children
Bacterial conjunctivitis in children usually begins acutely.The younger the child, the greater the suffering of its general condition.In young children, the disease can begin with a small rise in temperature, chills, general malaise.A child eats poorly, hardly sleep and often wakes up at night.Because of constant discomfort in the eyes, he becomes moody, tearful.
Bacterial conjunctivitis often have a film character: the grayish film covers the front surface of the eye, which is why decreased visual acuity, all things the child sees the fuzzy, blurry.The film is usually easily removed with a cotton swab How to use sanitary pad - basic precautions , but after a while reappears.When pus eyelashes stick together child, the pus can drain through the cheeks swollen eyelids.It is important to remove the pus from the face of the child, and often wash the hands, as if it enters pus in the mouth it can cause intestinal infections.Children bacterial conjunctivitis seldom gives complications of the cornea and has virtually no effect on vision.Disease duration of 1-2 weeks.
Adenoviral conjunctivitis can be an independent disease, but may develop on the background of the defeat of the upper respiratory tract - acute respiratory infection (ARI).At the same time concerned about the child's sensation of a foreign body in the eye, tearing, photophobia.Drainage from the eye is usually minor and has seromucous character.Conjunctiva reddened, slightly swollen, there is a small swelling Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause of and the eyelids.On the conjunctiva in the lower folds can be seen small follicles (vesicles).Conjunctivitis in children under one year and may be caused by other respiratory viruses such as influenza virus.
How to treat conjunctivitis in children
In order to properly treat conjunctivitis in a child, it is necessary to establish its origin.To do this, conducted a study of discharge from the eye under a microscope, crop it to the culture medium for the identification of the infectious agent and its sensitivity to antibiotics.Of great importance is also a common blood test.
bacterial conjunctivitis require antibiotic therapy, viral - antiviral and allergic - desensitizing (anti-allergic).If diagnosed bacterial conjunctivitis in children, treatment begins with eyewash antiseptic solutions.Well suited for this purpose, slightly pink (1: 5000) solution of potassium permanganate.You can also wash the child's eyes freshly brewed tea or chamomile extract.Then the eyes of the child buried antibacterial drops, such as chloramphenicol.If a lot of pus, can be instilled one drop into both eyes every hour.At night, in the eyes of a child can lay an antibiotic eye ointment Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future? .The most suitable ointment for conjunctivitis for children - eritromitsinovaya.
about how to treat conjunctivitis in a child, it is best to tell the doctor.On the basis of examination of the child, he may suggest a viral origin of conjunctivitis.In this case, the antiviral agent administered conjunctivitis for children, such as in the eye instilled solution can Poludan 1-2 drops 6-8 times daily.As the inflammation subsided number instillation cut to 3-4 times a day.
prevention of conjunctivitis in children - hygienic requirements and timely isolation of sick children.