immunized against measles - many parents are wondering, is it worth it to do?Modern moms are not quite what the measles.But a hundred years ago, an epidemic of measles literally mowed down the child population.Measles is often complicated by pneumonia, otitis media, and encephalitis.Today, all this has been forgotten, more often parents refuse vaccinations, which makes itself known outbreaks of measles.
When doing vaccinated against measles
measles vaccinations included in the national immunization schedule.It was established that year to protect a child against measles antibodies transmitted by the mother during pregnancy and in breast milk.After a year of the mother's antibodies are derived from the body of the child, and it needs protection.Calendar of vaccination against measles includes vaccination at the age of one year and re-vaccination at the age of 6 years.At the same time they are vaccinated against rubella Vaccination against rubella - can not be ignored and mumps.Vaccination against measles in our country is done from the end of the 60s of the last century, and revaccination - since 1997, as many children to school age weakened measles immunity, threatening outbreaks of measles.
immunity after vaccination against measles, unfortunately, is not as stable and life is after the disease.It was found that after 10 years it can drop significantly, so began to appear measles outbreaks among adolescents.In these outbreaks of disease vaccination against measles is done by epidemiological indications.
If a child as children were immunized against measles at the age of 15-17, and 35 years his routine vaccination is carried out, which consists of two injections of vaccine with an interval of 3-6 months.
on epidemic indications (if the person has been in contact with a patient with measles) vaccinated persons of any age who have not had measles have not been onher vaccinated or vaccinated once.All these individuals vaccinated against measles carried out within the first 72 hours after contact with the patient.As the incidence of measles in the outbreak immunization dates may be extended up to 7 days from the date of detection of the first patient in the outbreak.
for emergency prevention of measles and measles immunoglobulin is used.It is prepared from the blood of donors who recover from measles Measles in children - may cause serious complications or been vaccinated against measles, and contains ready-measles antibodies.Measles immunoglobulin is administered to persons who have been in contact with a patient with measles and are contraindications to vaccination.As a result of its introduction creates a so-called passive immunity (fall in blood ready antibody) which is short - donor antibody excreted through several weeks.
vaccine against measles - what does it represent?
All produced today measles vaccine is a suspension of live attenuated (attenuated), measles virus, are getting into the body of the child, forced him to develop a strictly specific "weapon" - antibodies (proteins, immunoglobulins), aimed at the elimination of measles virus.
measles vaccination is necessary for the child's immune system to always recognize measles virus and destroy them.
Russian industry today produces monovalent measles, as a two-component vaccine against measles and mumps.Rubella Rubella - it is better to be vaccinated Russian vaccine is not for the vaccination against rubella vaccine purchased by the Indian production.All these vaccines are given to children free of charge.
There are three component vaccine - measles, mumps and rubella.It is definitely much more convenient, but the vaccine can only be bought for their money.For a three vaccines are: Priorix (pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline, UK) and MMP II (Merck Sharp Dohme, USA).
For a fee, you can also purchase a single component vaccine against measles Ruvaks (Aventis Pasteur, France), but it is believed that this vaccine is no better than domestic.Moreover, all of these foreign vaccines produced using chick embryos, whereas in the production of vaccines using native quail embryos are less allergenic.
immunized against measles - contra
temporary contraindications are any acute illness and exacerbation of chronic diseases as well as pregnancy.
Absolute contraindications: severe allergic reactions to antibiotics Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future? aminoglycoside, to chicken or quail protein (these components are used in the preparation of vaccines), severe immune dysfunction, cancer.Contraindicated as the re-introduction of the vaccine, if the previous administration had expressed reaction (temperature above 40 ° C, redness or swelling of more than 8 cm in diameter at the injection site), or a complication.
measles vaccination was well tolerated and very rarely gives expression to the reaction.Sometimes there is an increase in temperature for 5-12 days after vaccination, the appearance of small scars.All reactions were run in 1-2 days.This measles vaccination protects your child from dangerous infectious diseases.
Should I be vaccinated against measles
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