Montessori Pedagogy in Italian
Montessori developed by Dr. Maria Montessori - a unique approach to education, which is based on long observation of the development of children from a very young age to adulthood.Under this campaign, the child has a natural thirst for knowledge, which can be fully opened in a properly organized environment.It focuses on all-round development of the child - physical, social, emotional, mental.
Among the components of educational programs based on the Montessori method: group of students, consisting of children of different ages, blocks of working time does not interrupt normal variables and gives children the choice of teaching methods, guided by an instructor.In addition, children and teachers can use the elaborate educational materials specially arranged in an aesthetically pleasing space class.
teacher, student and working Seda - are aspects which the Montessori method attaches paramount importance.The classrooms are arranged so as to encourage the independence, freedom within certain limits, and a sense of order.The child, making an independent choice, using the opportunities provided by the learning environment and interacts with the teacher when he needed support and / or guidance.
Due to the fact that in the study groups include children of different ages, younger can learn from the older and more senior better remember and re-look at the previously covered, explaining the younger what is already learned themselves.
Dr. Montessori noticed that the children during the development period are particularly sensitive, or so-called window of opportunity.Teachers who work at the Montessori method, prepare special lessons for those periods when new knowledge is especially easy digestible.
Preschool children learn through sensory-motor activity - children work with materials that are developing their ability to think through the direct experience of the senses: sight, hearing, taste, smell, touch, movement.
At the elementary school children with special educational materials and interdisciplinary programs are gradually moving from the concrete to the abstract.Over time, they begin to use their new knowledge to real-world phenomena.
Each child is considered as a unique individual.Montessori based on the recognition that children can learn in different ways, prefer different forms of learning.In addition, students can choose suitable for their learning pace - the one to which they are ready.
From an early age pupils become accustomed to order, to coordinate their actions, concentration and independence.The design of classrooms, teaching materials and organization of work contribute to the fact that the child himself to organize their activities.Children develop the ability to self-learning, as well as the habit to think for themselves about what they are learning and why.
Students form close-knit community whose members care about each other.Older children are happy to mentors and role models for the younger ones.Younger feel the support and confidence that they, like older guys will be able to cope with the upcoming challenges.Teachers show respect for the identity of the children and how you can contribute to a more peaceful and constructive resolution of conflicts.
Children learn to enjoy the freedom and realize the associated liability.Within certain rules, students can actively participate in deciding on what they had better focus in the learning process.The inner satisfaction that the child receives, learning in this mode, it stimulates the desire to learn more and learn more deeply interested in his subjects.At the same time a child sees the result of the adoption of decisions by himself and learns to understand that freedom is associated with a high level of responsibility.
Students themselves are looking for answers to their questions.The learning process is built so that the children have an opportunity to find the necessary information;Of course, they can also ask their questions to the teacher.The idea is that the child yourself thinking about what he is studying, he compared the already known facts and decide what it lacks for a more complete understanding of the subject matter.
self-correction.Over time, enrolled in the Montessori method children learn critical look at their work, correct it and learn from your mistakes.
History of Education - hundreds of names, and only a few real schools, whose traditions have been successfully used many years later.Maria Montessori - Italian psychologist, physicist and teacher.Almost seventy years have completely forgotten about it in Eastern Europe, while in America and Western Europe opened academies and institutes, where it has successfully embodied the pedagogical, didactic and anthropological ideas.