Td vaccination - protect children and adults against diphtheria and tetanus
Td vaccines are given to children after 6 years and adults to protect against diphtheria and tetanus.This is a repeated booster vaccination against diphtheria and tetanus, after the first vaccination and revaccination was conducted in early DTP vaccine containing diphtheria and tetanus except as pertussis.
Td vaccination - what is it?
Td is a diphtheria-tetanus toxoid-reduced diphtheria toxoid compared with Td toxoid.
is used for the prevention of diphtheria and tetanus in children older than 6 years and adults.
1 ml of Td toxoid contained 10 units of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids, whereas in 1 ml of DPT vaccine contains 30 units of diphtheria toxoid.
When and how do Td vaccination
Vaccination is repeated booster against diphtheria and tetanus Tetanus - a constant companionHuman children over 6 years of age who have previously received the first vaccination and revaccination against these infections DTP.
If a child after 6 years have not been vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus vaccination him Td toxoid 2 vaccinations with an interval of 30-45 days, and then six months later - the first revaccination after 5 years and the second booster.Subsequent booster for adults are held every 10 years.
Td vaccination is also made to replace DTP or Td toxoid children with severe general reactions (temperature 40 ° C and above), or post-vaccination complications to the previous administration of DTP or DT.If the reaction at the time of vaccination developed the first administration of DTP (ADF), the second administration is performed Td toxoid not earlier than 3 months.If the reaction is developed for the second administration of the vaccine or toxoid within the vaccination, the course of vaccination against diphtheria and tetanus is considered complete.In both cases, the first booster Td toxoid spend 9-12 months.If the reaction is developed on the third injection of the vaccine within the DTP vaccination, first revaccination Td toxoid spend 12-18 months.
Td vaccines are also in the outbreak of diphtheria.Vaccination Td toxoid can be carried out simultaneously with vaccination against poliomyelitis Poliomyelitis - why immunization of the population? and other vaccines.Td toxoid administered intramuscularly or subcutaneously at a dose of 0.5 ml.
Are there any contraindications for Td vaccines?
Permanent contraindications for this vaccination is not, it is not recommended to conduct vaccinations to pregnant women only.Children and adults who recover from acute illness, depending on the severity of the disease and undergoing general state of Td vaccination is done 2-4 weeks after recovery.If the disease is mild, without fever, the vaccination can be done immediately after recovery.
If a child or adult suffers from some chronic disease, the Td vaccination is carried out within 2-4 weeks after the beginning of remission.Regular, non-progressive and life-threatening symptoms are not a contraindication for vaccination - it can be done with treatment of the underlying disease.
Td vaccination is not contraindicated in any immunodeficiency and HIV HIV - can be slow, you can not be stopped -infektsii, as well as during maintenance treatment of these conditions, including steroids.
doctor before vaccination necessarily examines a child or adult, it measures the temperature and makes an entry in the medical card of admission to the vaccination.
In outbreaks of diphtheria Td vaccines are even against acute illness or exacerbation of chronic diseases.If the previous administration of Td toxoid was observed a strong reaction of the body, a second dose is administered tetanus toxoid in patients receiving steroid hormones (eg, prednisone), appointed the day before vaccination and immediately after it.
Td vaccination - whether it is the reaction?
Td toxoid is generally well tolerated and children, and adults, general and local reactions to its introduction are extremely rare.Td vaccination is normally tolerated even by children suffering from atopic dermatitis and bronchial asthma.
However, even such a "lightweight" vaccination may be the reaction.Of the local reactions are redness, swelling and dense infiltrate at the injection site.All these events are themselves without treatment in a few days.
general reaction to the vaccine may be a small rise in temperature, malaise in the first two days after the inoculation.Very rare allergic reactions, however, can not eliminate them.Allergic reactions often manifest as hives and swelling Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause of angioedema.
Td vaccination - it's the vaccine that has almost no contraindications, well tolerated and protects against serious diseases such as diphtheria and tetanus.