Hygroma children - whether to panic?
- Hygroma children - whether to panic?
Hygroma children or synovial cysts, especially in the age of ten years - quite a rare phenomenon.Its appearance may cause serious concern to parents, but the tumor is benign, and rarely causes any complications.
Types and hygroma children and their symptoms
Most often hygroma hygroma are classified based on their location.
Hygroma wrist of the child - a fairly common kind of hygroma, which is often very small and does not cause any symptoms.If the tumor reaches a sufficiently large size, it can cause some discomfort, but, in general, does not prevent the children to play, learn, and do other things.
On the contrary, even a small hygroma Hygroma: when the fluid in the wrong place feet in children may lead to the fact that the patient will be uncomfortable to wearshoes, walking, and so on.Constant pressure on hygroma while driving can cause moderate or mild pain, so that the child's parents is usually recommended as soon as possible to remove the tumor.Hygroma this type may appear on the upper side of the foot sole, or the toe.
Hygroma knee in children can also cause discomfort when moving, although not as strong as synovial cyst on the foot.In addition, there is a violation as cystic hygroma - a benign tumor of this type are usually present in children from birth.About them we will talk separately below.
common symptom for hygromas of all types is the appearance of a more or less large bulge under the skin in a particular area of the body.Pressure it can cause pain and discomfort.The skin over the hygroma usually have normal color, though in some cases, redness and / or easy peeling.
When should I see a doctor?
matter hygroma is a child any symptoms or not, when it appears, it is necessary to pass the examination.This will establish the nature of tumors, and to avoid a very small, but nevertheless there is a possibility that the tumor could be malignant.If hygroma not cause severe discomfort of the child, as long as it does not pass inspection, there is no need for any limitation as to its physical activity - has not yet been established that some loads may accelerate growth hygroma.
In order to ensure that the child discovered the tumor is hygroma, doctors often conduct fine-needle aspiration Aspiration: the main thing - do not get confused .A sample of the fluid with a syringe which is obtained from a cyst, sent to the laboratory for analysis.In the process of diagnosis can also be used methods of medical imaging, more often - ultrasound and computed tomography.X-ray examination at the children with suspected hygroma is rarely used.
from 38% to 58% hygromas gradually disappear without any treatment, so in many cases, the doctor can simply assign a patient survey 1-2 times a year.In general, the choice of treatment depends on how the tumor interferes with the child to live a full life.For example, even a small foot hygroma a child leads to a variety of difficulties in their daily lives, and if it is formed at an early age, then, in theory, limited mobility associated with the tumor, may slow down the development of the baby.On the other hand, below the knee hygroma, a child may not cause any inconvenience, until it reaches a large enough size - if it happens at all.Most likely, in the first case, the doctor will recommend as soon as possible to remove hygroma, and the second - would prefer some time to just watch the patient.
puncture hygroma - the most common procedure for the removal of tumors of this type.The doctor removes from synovial cysts its contents (practically as well as in fine needle aspiration, but now the liquid is removed completely) and introduces hygroma antiinflammatory agent from the group of steroids.About 74% of the children after just one treatment a full recovery - that is, they do not appear again hygroma.In the case of recurrence after re-puncture hygroma recover up to 85% of patients.
Surgery hygroma Treating hygroma - Possible methods children rarely prescribed.The reasons for this may be severe pain caused by a tumor, a significant decrease in quality of life due to hygroma, or relapsed after one or two punctures hygroma.Chance reappearance synovial cyst surgery lower than after a puncture - relapse occurs, on average, 5% of children.If surgery does not cause complications, the recovery process usually lasts no more than two months, although most of the children can return to life much earlier than usual.