Mononucleosis in children - Possible Complications
Despite popular belief, is not very infectious mononucleosis.People living in the same apartment, they rarely get sick at the same time.It is most common among 15-25-year-olds.Most people faced with the Epstein-Barr virus in early childhood, with the typical symptoms of mononucleosis may not develop.What threatens mononucleosis in children?
Causes of mononucleosis in children
Mononucleosis - a viral infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus.This virus is transmitted through infected saliva.It can be transmitted through food or utensils and also by kissing, coughing or sneezing.
Signs of mononucleosis in children
Children mononucleosis usually asymptomatic.This means that the symptoms are negligible or non-existent.Often the symptoms of mononucleosis symptoms of mononucleosis - easily mistaken children resemble symptoms of a cold or moderate fever.It can take up to two weeks.This is not dangerous.
Teens experiencing symptoms of mononucleosis.These may include:
- severe sore throat
- weakness, loss of energy and body aches
- enlarged red tonsils covered with pus
- swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, groin and other parts of the body
- increasedtemperature for 7-14 days
- enlarged spleen
- slightly enlarged liver
Most children experience only mild symptoms for a week.Even those who have severe symptoms often feel much better after 2-4 weeks.
Complications of mononucleosis in children
Most children with mononucleosis may be treated at home.Most likely, your child not necessarily put in the hospital.Sometimes complications can occur, for which the doctor has to observe.These include:
The most common complication of mononucleosis - is dehydration due to insufficient fluid intake.Try to avoid it, often giving the baby to drink.
- Enlarged spleen
Mononucleosis a child can cause enlargement of the spleen, so it is important to protect his stomach and lumbar region.A blow to the stomach could rupture the enlarged spleen and cause internal bleeding.This is a critical situation.
All children with mononucleosis should avoid contact sports for at least four weeks.Athletes should restrict their activity until the spleen returns to normal size.
Try to keep the child did not have constipation.The child should also not lift anything heavy.It can load the spleen.If the child appeared sudden severe pain in the abdomen, immediately call "ambulance."
- Shortness of breath
Your child can be difficult to breath.Inhalation may be partially blocked due to the increase of the tonsils, adenoids adenoids - proliferation pharyngeal tonsil , and other lymphatic tissue in the back of the throat.The child might feel as if something stuck in his throat.The doctor can check her throat to find out whether the risk of blockades of breath.You may need a medicine that reduces swelling of the throat.
- rash of mononucleosis in children
Some children with mononucleosis, there is a strong eruption, if they take the antibiotics ampicillin or amoxicillin.If your child has mononucleosis, these drugs should be avoided.If the doctor suspects the child has a bacterial infection in addition to mononucleosis, it is safe to take other antibiotics.
- Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Mononucleosis a child can cause chronic fatigue syndrome Chronic fatigue - if life is not a pleasant .Its symptoms - is extreme fatigue, weakness, and recurring pain.These symptoms lasting for at least six months.
How to treat mononucleosis in children
doctor has diagnosed your child asks you about his symptoms, seeing the child and possibly blood tests.
special medicines against the virus there.The immune system fight the infection.Treatment of mononucleosis in children is mainly aimed at improving the well-being of the child.
If the tonsils are so enlarged that almost touching, the doctor may prescribe steroids to reduce swelling.
childcare mononucleosis patients
discomfort due to swollen lymph nodes and a high temperature can often be relieved by paracetamol or ibuprofen.
Make sure your child drinks plenty of fluids.You can drink milkshakes and cold drinks.Children older than 1 year can drink warm chicken broth.
baby is getting enough fluid if:
- he pees at least 2 or 3 times a day
- when the baby is crying, his eyes moist, and there are tears
- child has saliva in the mouth
If a child is sickswallow, try the following:
- Give him soft foods that are easy to swallow: soups, ice cream, pudding or yogurt.Avoid salty, spicy, acidic or citrus foods if they exacerbate the pain.Let's more fluid.Perhaps the child will be easier to drink through a straw.
- If the child is more than a year, try to give it 1-2 teaspoons of honey to soothe the throat and reduce coughing.Older children can gargle with warm salt water.
- Older children and adolescents may be given for sucking lozenges.Do not let their small children, as they may choke.
Recreation and Activity
child is not necessarily all the time to stay in bed, or sit alone.Children usually go to when they have a fever, and then become active again.
to school or daycare can return when the temperature is normal, and the child does not hurt to swallow.Most children return to normal life after 2-4 weeks.
doctor will determine how long you need to release the child from the athletic training.
consequences of mononucleosis in children
Most children who become ill with mononucleosis recover completely without consequences.But in rare cases, complications can occur.This may be a problem with the liver or the spleen, anemia, meningitis Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges , shortness of breath, or inflammation of the heart.
Prevention mononucleosis in children
vaccines Epstein-Barr virus does not exist, but you can try to protect their children from mononucleosis, making sure that they avoid close contact with those children who are sick with mononucleosis.But sometimes people can have the virus without experiencing symptoms, and still passing it to others.Therefore, teach your children to wash hands frequently and not sharing drinks, food or utensils with other people, even if they seem healthy.
Urgent Call your doctor if your child:
- shortness of breath
- abdominal pain, especially high on the left side
- very poor health