Methods of parenting - or convince dressiruem?
Psychologists have long been engaged in the study of how parents influence on children's development.To establish a causal link between the actions of the parents or guardians and the behavior of children is very difficult.It often happens that in very different conditions grow people with similar personal characteristics, and in one family can grow startlingly different children.
review methods of education provides only general information.The real impact of education depends on a huge number of factors, including individual characteristics of the child, society, popular culture and so on.In addition, here are the main methods of education in the "pure form".In reality, in the same family can be used techniques from different methods.
authoritarian parents usually have very high expectations for their children;the hallmark of their education are strict rules that children should follow without question.Parents are increasingly resorting to punishment than to discipline (they often do not distinguish one from the other), and are unable or unwilling to explain their demands to anyone.The only possible explanation of the requirements, "Because I said so (a)."Parents using authoritarian methods of education in its pure form is not manifested love and warm attitude to children.They do not offer them to make a choice (toys, vacation venue, sometimes - even the future profession), and choose for them.
especially people who have grown up in a family of authoritarian parents:
- As a rule, they believe that their success can earn the love
- They connect and do not always distinguish between love and obedience
- numerous difficulties in communicating
- Low self-esteem (in some cases overly inflated - the so-called compensatory behavior)
Because parents demanded the complete subordination of these children in the future, in most cases they are ideally suited for applications requiring strict adherence to the rules.At the same time they have a very poor self-discipline - they can not act on its own, without constant guidance their efficiency is low.
With respect to children whose parents adhere to this method of education, there are also clear rules, but this method is much more democratic.For violation of the rights of children are usually not punished.Such parents do not behave with children as equals, as friends, but maintain its credibility, willingness to listen to them and always offer to express their opinions on important issues.Requiring children discipline, they at the same time show your love for them and the readiness to dialogue.
Children, to which the method of authoritative parenting are usually well able to control and regulate their emotions Emotions and culture: how to decipher the emotional code , have good social skills and self-discipline, self-confident, able to act independently.
Many experts believe that the most effective method of education.
The resolution raising
When using such a model of education the parents placing their children minimum requirements.If in a family there are rules, they are usually inconsistent and can change frequently.Parents in such families are usually very openly show their love for children.Children often perceive them more as friends than as an authoritative parents.In order to convince a child to do something, such funds may be used to encourage, like toys, sweets, and so on.
especially children whose parents primeli resolving method of education:
- Weak discipline
- In some cases, poor social skills
- feeling of uncertainty because of the lack of restrictions and guidelines
Some researchers link allowing education with early alcohol - Childrenwhose parents have very little control over their behavior, are three times more likely to start drinking alcohol regularly as teenagers.It is also assumed that these children are more likely to take drugs and engage in criminal activities.
Although this method of education can be convenient for parents and children, poor ability to self-control can become a huge problem for an adult.