- Dysbacteriosis children - indigestion
- How to treat
Dysbacteriosis children - it's quite common.In a child's life, there are two periods, have a significant impact on his colonization of the intestine by microorganisms.These are the first few days after birth and the period when the child stops receiving breast milk.It is during these periods of the intestine of the child is most vulnerable and exposed to various adverse effects.
role of intestinal microflora in child development
role of intestinal microflora in the body of the child is difficult to overestimate.It is able to influence the development of all organs and systems of a child by producing enzymes, vitamins and a variety of biologically active substances.Without the normal microflora can not be properly digesting food, since it has been actively involved in the breakdown of food.It also stimulates the immune system, thus protecting the body from infection and inhibits growth of pathogenic microorganisms.
normal intestinal microflora - a complex symbiosis of different organisms, mainly providing a positive impact on the child's body.Most of the normal intestinal microflora child make bifidobacteria, lactobacilli and Escherichia coli.These bacteria produce a slightly acidic environment in the gut, uncomfortable for opportunistic and pathogenic microorganisms.
In contrast to her in the gut of the child after the year is always a pathogenic microflora (which under certain circumstances can cause disease), and even a small amount (such amountstill can not cause disease) pathogenic microflora.For opportunistic microorganisms living in the gut of the child include Klebsiella, enterobacteria, Proteus, non-hemolytic form of staph and some other microorganisms.Hemolytic (can cause hemolytic anemia, dissolving erythrocytes) types of staph can enter the composition of intestinal microflora without causing disease only in older children and in very small quantities.
Causes of dysbiosis in children
Dysbacteriosis called a violation of the right balance between the normal and the pathogenic microflora in the intestines when the latter begins to actively proliferate, causing various disturbances in the body.
disrupt the formation of the normal intestinal microflora of the child (goiter in children under one year) may be many factors: prematurity, birth injuries, any disease up to a year, teething, bad ecology and so on.But the main factors contributing to the development of dysbiosis in children two: poor diet and inappropriate use of antibiotics.
Dysbacteriosis bowel in children is often a consequence of frequent uncontrolled administration of antibiotics.This is the reason of dysbacteriosis development and formation on the background of a variety of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in children after three years of visiting children's groups, it is the most common.
Quite often, children's dysbacteriosis developed against the backdrop of giardiasis and helminthic invasions - the inhabitants of the intestines may produce waste products, adversely affecting the livelihoods of the normal intestinal flora and promote the development of pathogenic microflora.
Finally, goiter, a child may be due to a congenital enzyme deficiency.An example of such a violation could be lactase deficiency - lack the enzyme (lactase) to digest the milk sugar (lactose).
How does goiter in children
Dysbacteriosis in children can manifest itself in different ways.It all depends on the cause of dysbiosis in the gut, and the predominance of one or another opportunistic pathogens.However, clinical signs of persistent dysbiosis signs of dysbiosis - depend on the localization process be regarded as digestive disorders.
symptoms of dysbiosis in children is most often manifested as loss of appetite, bloating due to the presence in the intestine of a large amount of gas, rumbling and paroxysmal abdominal pain, belching, metallic taste in the mouth metallic taste in the mouth - what causes and how toget rid of? , halitosis, diarrhea, constipation or alternation.Chair with a characteristic sour or putrid nature (depending on whether microflora predominates).When diarrhea fecal child a lot of mucus, sometimes it has a foamy character.Kal constipation also has a characteristic appearance of small, dense pellets (sheep feces).
manifestation of dysbiosis in children is not limited to digestive disorders.Over time, the symptoms caused by metabolic disorders, immune deficiency, and essential vitamins.This dryness in the mouth, inflammation of the gums and tongue, frequent stomatitis, allergic (atopic dermatitis, asthma) and infectious-inflammatory (acne, abrasions) of the skin, frequent colds.The child concerned as general weakness, malaise, anxiety, irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood , sleepiness during the day and insomnia at night.
signs of dysbiosis in children under one year - is bloating, accompanied by paroxysmal pain (intestinal colic) is approximately 1.5 hours after feeding (the child rolled from screaming and running out the legs to the stomach), frequent regurgitation.At the slightest breach of food can be a fountain vomiting and then diarrhea accompanied by dehydration.Prolonged dysbacteriosis child lags behind in weight, growth and psychological development.
When staphylococcal dysbacteriosis infants Dysbacteriosis infants - it is important to find the cause of appears diarrhea mixed with blood, signs of intoxication are not expressed in nature.Against the background of various diseases such dysbiosis may go into an intestinal infection that often occurs quite difficult and requires hospitalization of the child.