Purulent tonsillitis in children: the disease
purulent tonsillitis in children - a common disease in this age group.It is an infectious disease, the development of which is associated with the action of certain bacteria.When purulent tonsillitis tonsils seen some changes and symptoms in children have their own characteristics.Treatment of angina should be under the supervision of a doctor who prescribed antibiotics, restorative and local antiseptics.
purulent tonsillitis in children caused by streptococci, staphylococci, diplococci, pneumococcus and certain other bacteria.Viruses (eg, influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus) often provoke active bacterial microflora of tonsils.The infection enters the amygdala mostly airborne or food.Sometimes a sore throat caused by germs that live on the mucous membrane of the throat and tonsils.Less inflammation develops after surgery on the nasal cavity and nasopharynx.
TO angina predispose various factors.These include:
- sharp change in the ambient temperature;
- dust, fumes in the air;
- Insufficient insolation (exposure to direct sunlight);
- intoxication with various substances;
- adverse living conditions;
- Irrational nutrition.
Against the backdrop of these factors, the microorganisms that live on the surface of the tonsils may become pathogenic.Purulent tonsillitis combines two forms of the disease: follicular and lacunary, under which the tonsils form pus pockets.
purulent angina symptoms in children
When tonsillitis tonsils visible multiple whitish-yellowish islands that are in shape, size andcolor resemble millet grain.This festering follicles, they can grow and opened, the contents thus falls into the cavity of the throat.When lacunar angina in the edematous and reddened enlarged tonsils visible surface whitish bloom, and yellowish-white stoppers in the mouths of the gaps.The division into follicular and lacunar tonsillitis conditional, sometimes it happens that one tonsil showing signs of lacunar angina, and the second - follicular.
in follicular and lacunar angina lacunar tonsillitis how it should be treated body temperature reaches high numbers, rapidly growing signs of intoxication.The child may complain of general weakness, malaise, severe pain in the throat when swallowing, which often gives to his ear, increased salivation.Because of the sharp pain the children try not to eat or swallow saliva.
Due expressed inflammatory changes voice becomes nasal tone.With a significant increase in the size of the tonsils may be difficulty breathing, and sometimes temporarily decreased hearing.Local lymph nodes enlarge and become painful at a palpation.Sometimes there is pain in the joints and the heart.
Age features of sore throats in children
In young infants usually do not occur sore throat, and nasopharyngitis, that is inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx.In infants and young children angina is rare, but it runs hard, dominated by common manifestations.
child suddenly becomes moody and irritable, and sometimes sleepy, she refuses to eat.Fever, and develops severe intoxication.Against the backdrop of difficulty in swallowing and increased production of saliva may disrupt breathing.Sometimes there is vomiting, cramps, dizziness or loss of consciousness.There may be pain in the abdomen Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms and diarrhea.
How to treat purulent tonsillitis child
sick child at the beginning of the disease is needed bed rest.Proper diet - another important component of the non-drug treatment.Food should be semi-liquid or pureed, so the child will be easier to swallow.At its preparation is not necessary to add spices, as they will irritate a sore throat.
Drinking plenty of fluids helps to reduce the signs of intoxication.The child may be given compote of dried fruits, fruit juices, tea with lemon, rosehip infusion, milk.Eating and drinking should be warm.
Treatment of purulent tonsillitis in children include the use of antibiotics.If the angina is treated on an outpatient basis, these drugs are prescribed in.Preference is usually given to penicillins as β-hemolytic streptococcus, frequent causative agent of angina, is highly sensitive to this group of drugs.Often ampicillin and amoksiklav Amoxiclav - effective against infections (ampicillin in combination with clavulanic acid).
If your child is allergic to penicillin, then the macrolide antibiotics and cephalosporins I and II generations.From macrolide azithromycin is assigned (sumamed).The tonsils quickly achieved the necessary concentration of the drug, which is stored in the tissues for a further week after the end of treatment.Of the cephalosporins cephalexin and cefuroxime are used.
sulfonamides of their activity is significantly inferior to antibiotics.Many pathogens angina resistant to these drugs, so the treatment of angina, they almost do not apply.
as symptomatic treatment of children prescribed painkillers and antipyretics.Showing vitamins, especially the group B and C, may be assigned immunomodulators (agents that improve the immune defense).
as a topical treatment can gargle decoction of calendula, chamomile, sage Sage - cvyaschennaya grass , soda solution, hydrogen peroxide (two tablespoons per cup of water), furatsilina (nitrofural).Also apply antiseptic formulations as aerosols, sprays and solutions (Hexoral, stopangin, strepsils plus).
for local effects used bioparoks - a drug that contains the antibiotic fusafungine.When purulent tonsillitis is used as an auxiliary means.
treat purulent tonsillitis in children recommended under medical supervision.Specialist prescribe the necessary drugs and give its recommendations to the period of the disease.This will prevent the development of many dangerous complications.In cases where the child's condition serious, require hospitalization.