Sore throat in children - frequent disease
- sore throat in children - a common disease
Angina is one of the most common diseases among children.Its agents may be as viruses and bacteria.It is known that viral tonsillitis viral sore throat: sore throat when in children is caused by the same viruses that cause the common cold or mononucleosis;among the most common bacterial pathogens of sore throat are streptococcus group A.
symptoms of sore throat in children
most typical symptoms of angina angina symptoms - obvious and recognizable in children are:
- Severe pain in the throat;
- Nasal congestion (typically occurs in young children);
- Bad Breath Odor (halitosis) - sometimes it is useful to close the mouth ;
- Abdominal pain;
- raid on the tonsils, or yellowish white.
Angina in infants can cause a noticeable change in his behavior - it can be both unusually irritable, or, conversely, very lethargic and very sleepy.In young children, suffering from angina often lack the appetite - it is often the first sign that allows parents to assume that the child is ill.In addition, a sore throat in children under one year can cause unusually severe drooling - this is due to the fact that a child hurts to swallow.
angina symptoms in adolescents tend to be less pronounced than in young children.Very high temperatures in angina in children may be a sign of bacterial sore throat, which more often than viral causes serious complications;As a rule, if the fever does not subside within a few days, doctors prescribe antibiotics.However, even if the symptoms of a sore throat is relatively weak, consult your doctor will still need to - sometimes timely treatment of the disease to avoid serious health problems.
As angina is diagnosed in children
description of the child's symptoms and a physical examination to allow a high degree of probability that the patient has a sore throat.It indicates a particular characteristic of plaque on the tonsils, and sore throat, and a number of other features.To identify the causative agent of tonsillitis, makes the following analysis:
- throat swab to determine exactly which microorganisms have led to the disease angina.
- A blood test can be used to determine the pathogen and to identify some of the complications of angina.
Types of angina in children
According to various estimates, 15% -30% of children who complain of sore throat, diagnosed angina, caused by streptococcus group A. Much less common bacterial tonsillitis in children, caused bygroup G streptococci and bacteria species Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae.Among viral pathogens angina may be, for example, Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus Cytomegalovirus - what is its danger? .In most cases, both viral and bacterial tonsillitis are not more than ten days.However, many children lasts angina, may depend on the general health of the individual patient and taken their medication.
How not to infect the child with angina
If someone in your family became ill with angina, first of all, you need to explain to the child in general terms as the spread of the disease pathogens - then it will be easier to understand the rest of the rules thatnecessary for the successful prevention.Tell your child that while the person recovers, he must use separate utensils and towels, and the child should not touch them.In addition, the child should be as often as possible to wash your hands and take vitamins and drink fruit juice or eat fresh fruit - it helps to strengthen the immune system.It is desirable that the child did not sleep in the same room with the patient and generally spend as little time with him in the same room.Table where family members eat or serving meals should be thoroughly cleaned;not necessarily use this disinfectors - conventional cleaning agents are usually enough.
How is tonsillitis in children
Angina as colds and the flu is transmitted by airborne droplets.If the children's team have a sick child, the probability of infection is very high, as the immune system in children, on average, less than adults, and their cooperative games often result in close physical contact.In addition, young children can put in your mouth, lick or bite inedible objects, which can be particles of saliva containing the bacteria or viruses.Due to the fact that infectious tonsillitis in children spread easily, doctors strongly advised not to let the sick child in kindergarten or school until they are cured.