Vaccinations: Pros and Cons


vaccinations for children Russian Federation Law "On Sanitary and Epidemiological Welfare of the Population" (1991) identified the list of mandatory vaccinations for children and the timing of their implementation.Today, our children are vaccinated against the necessarily following infections: tuberculosis, hepatitis B, polio, whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus, measles and Haemophilus influenzae.

How is immunity after vaccination

in vivo in response to the introduction of any infectious agent body begins to produce antibodies that connect to an infectious agent (antigen).As a result, inactive form antigen-antibody complexes which are then excreted, that is formed immunity to infection.How long will be developed such antibodies, depending on the characteristics of the infection.For example, after suffering measles and chickenpox immunity will persist for life, but after only a few months of flu.

But the problem is that in natural conditions, this "meeting" pathogen infection with the human body is almost always accompanied by illness, sometimes very serious.Therefore, developed special products (vaccines), composed of attenuated or killed pathogens of various infections.The introduction of the vaccine is the same reaction of the organism, ie the production of antibodies.On this principle, all vaccinations.Other vaccines protect against a particular disease at different times, there are also a lot depends on the characteristics of the infectious agent.

Types of vaccines

Vaccines may be live (the causative agent in this case only weakened - vaccine against tuberculosis and polio), killed (or inactivated - vaccines against viral infections - measles, flu) and artificial (in thethe vaccine contains only the artificially created a piece of the infectious agent, "material" for which are usually bacteria - the latest generation of vaccines against influenza).

In addition, single-component vaccine (monovalent, such as a vaccine against tuberculosis and hepatitis B) and can be multicomponent.Today there is a tendency to create a variety of multicomponent vaccines, which allow less vaccinate children.These vaccines include all the well-known DTP, which includes pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus.This vaccine is used for many years and is generally administered with polio vaccine.But today, gone even further by combining the vaccine against whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus vaccine against hepatitis B vaccine (Bubo Kok).There are other multicomponent vaccine.

Calendar vaccinations

child immunization schedule is as follows:

Age of Children

Name vaccinations

Name vaccine

first 24 hours

1 vaccination against hepatitis B

Euvax B, Engerix B

3 - 7 days

1 TB vaccination t

BCG-M

1 month

2 vaccination against hepatitis B Vaccination against hepatitis B - one of the first Vaccination against hepatitis B - one of the first - children at risk (the mother is ill with hepatitis B)

Euvax B, Engerix B

2 months

3 vaccination against hepatitis B - children at risk

Euvax B, Engerix B

3 months

2 vaccination against hepatitis B children are not at risk (1-I spent in the hospital)

1 vaccine against whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus and polio

Euvax B, Engerix B

DTP, Infanrix, Pentaxim, Imovaks-Polio

4,5 months

2 vaccinated against whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus and polio

DTP, Infanrix, Pentaxim, Imovaks-Polio

6 months

3 vaccine against whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus and polio

1 vaccine against Haemophilus influenzae

DTP, Infanrix, Pentaxim, Imovaks-Polio

Hiberiks

7 months

2 vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae

Hiberiks

12months

4 vaccination against hepatitis Vaccination against hepatitis B - to do or not worth it? Vaccination against hepatitis B - to do or not worth it? B - children at risk

vaccination against measles, rubella, mumps

Euvax B, Engerix B

measles, Priorix, rubella, Rudivax

18 months

1 revaccination against whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus and polio

booster Hib

DTP, Infanrix, Pentaxim, Imovaks-Polio

Hiberiks

20 months

2 revaccination against polio

OPV Iovaks-Polio

24 months

vaccination against varicella (not mandatory vaccination)

Varilriks

3 - 6 years

vaccination against hepatitis A Hepatitis A - do not forget to wash your hands! Hepatitis A - do not forget to wash your hands! followed by a booster after 6 months (not mandatory vaccination)

AWACS

6 years

revaccination against measles, rubella, mumps

measles vaccine, mumps vaccine, Priorix, Rudivax

6 - 7 years

1 revaccination against tuberculosis

BCG-M

12 years

vaccination against human papillomavirus (girls- not included in the mandatory vaccination)

Cervarix

13 years

rubella vaccination (girls - not included in the mandatory vaccination)

Rudivax

14years

3 revaccination against polio

Imovaks-Polio

18

diphtheria-tetanus vaccination every 10 years

Td

The outbreaks are not excluded

Doctors emphasize that a few decades ago no one even questioned the need for childhood immunization because of the disease, which is protected by the vaccine, it was very common, and the risk was very real.Fortunately, these diseases have become rare due to the successful practice of vaccination.However, therein lies a certain danger: we are so used to consider themselves protected from diseases that we neglect the importance of immunization.Do not underestimate the danger of deadly diseases, they can lurk very close: for example, some of your friends recently returned from Africa or street passer visited India or Asia and brought back something much less innocuous than the usual tourist souvenirs.

increase the risk of traveling

Usually parents say: "Let others do their children vaccinated, but we'll wait."However, in this game ahead of the curve rates are too high today travel and travel greatly increase the risk of disease.Children who are not vaccinated, are particularly susceptible to infections, and can be the source of the disease to others.In addition, a study published recently, showed that children are not immunized, at twenty-two times more at risk of measles Measles in children - may cause serious complications Measles in children - may cause serious complications and nearly six times greater - risk of pertussis thanchildren immunized.Another study showed that children who are not immunized, thirty-five times more at risk of measles.

How do vaccinations

in the WAC vaccinations for children tsinah use dead or weakened bacteria that stimulate the immune system of the relevant antibodies.These antibodies protect the baby from infection when germs get into the body of this dangerous disease.In general, vaccines have only minor side effects - causes skin irritation at the injection site, mild fever, valkost and a slight rash (measles and chickenpox).These symptoms are often plunged into panic parents, and they immediately start to think about what the kid was ill, but in fact such a reaction to the vaccine indicates normal operation of the immune system.

children whose immune system is weakened by taking immune-suppressing drugs to fight cancer or AIDS should not be vaccinated triple vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella or chickenpox vaccine, since the components of live virus can cause an attack of their disease.Particular caution should be exercised as to parents of children with allergies - they need to consult a doctor regarding the MMR vaccination against measles, mumps and rubella (it contains gelatin), influenza vaccine (it contains eggs) or hepatitis B (containing yeast).