Manual therapy - is one of the branches of medicine, which was formed relatively recently.The basis of manual therapy on the experience of traditional medicine (doctors, chiropractors), as well as experience in alternative medicine - chiropractic and osteopathy Osteopathy - good old bone setting .In our country, manual therapy can only deal with doctors - neurologists, orthopedic and trauma surgeons who are trained and certified specialist in manual therapy.
What is chiropractic
Chiropractic - is a relatively new type of medical activity, so in determining its no sufficient clarity.
most suitable definition for manipulation is the following: this method of treating diseases of the musculoskeletal system and associated with this system disorders of internal organs using various hand actions.
manipulation used in manual therapy aimed at restoring the normal functioning of the joints of the spine, intervertebral discs, spinal nerves, peripheral joints and internal organs in case of vio
At the heart of all the manipulations of manipulation is strictly metered sighting mechanical effect on a certain area of a spine or joints of limbs in order to restore them to normalmobility or adapt to changing conditions of this body.While the impact of the identified limitation of function of joints and spine are eliminated, resulting in restoration of normal blood and lymph circulation in the affected internal organs.
methods of diagnosis and manual manipulation
Chiropractic is divided into manual diagnostics and proper manipulation (medical manipulations).Manual Diagnostics - a precise and detailed diagnosis of functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system.Manual diagnosis includes neurological and orthopedic methods of research, as well as the specific diagnosis of joint mobility (especially the joints of the spine), the state of the muscles of the back and of course, correct movements.Manual diagnosis should always be complemented by X-ray.
Chiropractic aims to restore the function of the musculoskeletal system through a complex manipulation exercises and movements.The main therapeutic methods are stretching the joints and spine (traction), the restoration of range of motion (mobilization), a fast, painless movement of small amplitude in the direction of the passive movement restrictions (manipulation), the elimination of abnormal muscle tension (relaxation).
Chiropractic manipulation is carried out strictly within the scope of a possible movement in the joint.If manipulation is performed correctly, the power of the impact on the joints need a small, but a prerequisite for the proper conduct of this procedure is complete relaxation of the patient - any muscle tension Buda impede the restoration of joint function.
Manual therapy is rarely used as the sole method of treatment.Usually the course of manual therapy is conducted in conjunction with drug therapy (including anesthetics block), physiotherapy, reflexology Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies , physiotherapy.
Indications and contraindications for manual therapy
Indications of for manipulation are:
- dysfunction of the spine or peripheral joints, resulting from any disease;most manual therapy used in the treatment of degenerative disc disease at sports overloads and pains arising from this, as well as pain caused by prolonged exposure of the patient in a forced position;
- internal diseases associated with dysfunction of the spine or peripheral joints.
contraindications for manual therapy are: tumors of the musculoskeletal system, infectious and inflammatory processes in the spine, joints and spinal cord, ankylosing spondylitis (a chronic inflammatory disease of the spine and joints), fresh trauma (including fractures) of the spine and joints,conditions after spinal surgery, abnormal development of the spine and joints to the presence of focal neurological symptoms, expressed osteoporosis Osteoporosis - he threatens you? vertebral bodies (brittle bones due to calcium deficiency), acute ischemic stroke, coronary heart disease with frequent attacks of angina pectoris, any acute diseases of internal organs, mental illness Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help? .
manipulation in manual therapy require excellent knowledge of anatomy, mechanism and range of motion in the spine and joints, as well as experience in conducting such procedures.