development of memory starts at an early age.Kids from birth are able to remember the sounds, images, colors and so on.But there are some paradoxes - our memory makes an interesting selection of information and much of what was already a child does not remember later, for example, ten years.
Children amnesia called a phenomenon by which adults can not remember what happened to them in 2-4 years - this time, in the best case, episodic memories are stored.About the age of 10 years in humans, too, is quite a bit of memories - much less than the life in older age.
amnesia What it does have to do with the development of memory?It is well known that the memory of the child develops at an early age, and, nevertheless, all people forget their own early childhood (assuming that there are rare exceptions, but so far it has not been proven).
infant amnesia phenomenon is largely a paradoxical.Already in the infancy the human brain is able to learn a lot of information - sounds, fac
earliest memories relate to the human age from two to seven years, while women tend to remember myself at a younger age than men.Many experts are inclined to believe that most people can not remember myself at the age of 3.5 years.Identify real prescription childhood memories is difficult: many children have heard stories about his childhood, and they are no longer able to distinguish these stories from these memories.Anyway, the development of memory, including - remembering events - is associated with the development of speech, and the formation of "self-image", although it is not known why from early childhood to remember one thing, and quite another to forget.
development of memory under the age of 2 years
So, at this age children do not remember the joint travel, games, they do not remember how you celebrated their first and second birthday, which at first gave their livesnew Year.But every parent knows that a young child learns and remembers their favorite toy (and sometimes refuses to play with the other), a bottle, a melody, and so on.What interested, scared or surprised child, he can remember more than ten months after I first saw (or heard) this object.Similar objects can cause the same reaction - surprise, fear, and so on.As a rule, the child does not remember the details, but the overall impression of the object is sufficiently stable.For example, if the doctor hurt him during one of his visits, the child may be afraid of many months later, this doctor (or people in general in white).
to promote memory development of memory - Play wizard a small child, to actively communicate with him, using as many different words.Image shows the child objects familiar to him, as well as photographs of loved ones - quickly begin to recognize them.Let him touch all that he is interested in, and that is safe for him - at an early age for a child's development are of particular importance tactile sensations.
development of memory between the ages of 2 and 5 years
stimulates the development of memory, not only in itself a speech, but also the history that it can help to talk and understand.Stories create a context by which many things are remembered much better than out of context.Children who are just beginning to talk, do not pose the bare facts - they tell stories.For example, the child is unlikely to say: "We were on the beach."Rather, he tells the story, for example: "We went to the beach, I had a red swimsuit and still there were mom, dad, brother and my teddy bear."Adults, too, remember the facts in any context - for example, they can put the new information already available in the context of their memory.But then, unlike children, they can extract out only the most important information (in our example: we were on the beach), without mentioning the minor details.The concept of the child about the important and unimportant information is different from the concept of this adult and adults sometimes think that he remembers insignificant details.In fact, he remembers what's important to him.
At this age, the development of memory well stimulate reading and repetition.When a child asks parents over and over again read to him the same story, he unknowingly helps her to remember yourself.It is no coincidence we remember stories of many tales that we read in childhood, and many people can even bring to mind some of the quotes from them.
development of memory over the age of 5 years
By five years, many children know the alphabet, can be considered, at least until ten, and perform quite complex instructions, consisting of more than one paragraph ("Go tomy room, take the upper drawer white socks, black shoes and grasp takes, and then come back to the living room "- a child between the ages of 5-6 years can do it without forgetting anything).At the same age clearly manifested memory feature, which is available in adults: it is best to remember that interesting.And if an adult has the willpower to remember uninteresting, then get the child to do it pretty difficult.Some children show a phenomenal memory when it comes to areas of interest: for example, young fans can remember how to account matches of their favorite team in the current season, in which cities were games, the number of goals scored for each player, and sometimes weight, heightand age of all players (not excluding the spare).However, uninteresting information disappears from the child's head at once, without stopping even for an hour.
A child 6-7 years is necessary to maintain interest in his favorite subjects (even if it's football, which you seem a waste of time).At the same time you need to gently explain that people have to remember and not too interesting things, and that it needs to put some effort.Learn with your child lyrics (not necessarily in the school curriculum - this is useful only for the development of memory), show him how to organize information with the help of tables and diagrams.By the age of twelve child can be used to store all of the techniques used by adults.