Most of the people from time to time begin to worry about their health, but some worry it does not pass in and of itself a problem.Hypochondria - is obsessive anxiety about health, which can lead to severe stress and an inability to function normally.
Some people suffering from hypochondria, for unclear reasons, there are physical symptoms such as chest pain Chest pain: one symptom - a lot of diseases and headaches that they take for signs of serious illness, even ifdoctors convince them otherwise.Other hypochondriacs just constantly worried about what may develop in the future;They ask questions like - What if I find a cancer that, if I die of a heart attack, and so on.
There are many reasons why people start to worry about their health.It can start during a stressful period in my life.Hypochondria are often triggers the illness or death of a loved one.Are of great importance and characteristics of human personality: for example, people who are prone to anxiety
Sometimes hypochondria is a symptom of mental disorders such as depression, anxiety disorder, and others.
Why hypochondria - a vicious circle
known that violations such as back pain, irritable bowel syndrome, or eczema maybe caused or exacerbated by the influence of psychological problems, such as stress or anxiety.When physical symptoms due to stress become more pronounced, this anxiety increases, because of which, in turn, exacerbated the symptoms again.In severe cases, a strong health concerns can lead to panic attacks Panic attacks - fear of nowhere and depression.However, hypochondria is called a vicious circle for another reason.
If you look around yourself constantly looking for any signs of the disease - such as a rash or pimple, sooner or later you'll find something.In many cases this will not be a sign of serious health problems - such as pimples at times can appear in any a person and cause heart palpitations may be all the same anxiety.But hypochondriac made the discovery raises the level of anxiety, and leads to the fact that it starts to carry out their "inspections" more frequently than before.He also asked to look at the symptoms found not only a doctor, but also family members and friends.If they say that nothing serious, a person experiences a temporary relief, but then again replaced by anxiety.Sometimes hypochondriacs generally stop believing comforting words - because they sure are seriously ill, and surrounding them do not understand.
In general, people suffering from hypochondria inclined to one of two extremes:
- constant search for information and reassurance.Finding a symptom, they constantly search for information about him on the Internet, visit doctors, but not calm, even when they are told that there is no disease.
- avoidance.Man avoids any medical information orientation, doctors, and anything else that can become a cause of concern.In addition, it can avoid any activity that, in his opinion, can aggravate the disease.
Both strategies are unhealthy behavior, and they need to change in order to break the vicious circle of hypochondria.
The doctor can help
If you suspect that you have hypochondria, should seek medical advice.If your hypothesis is confirmed, and it turns out that you do not have diseases that can cause certain physical symptoms, the doctor will refer you to a specialist who can diagnose mental disorders such as depression and anxiety.If such violations are found, you will be assigned psychotherapy and possibly treatment with antidepressants.If you find that you only have hypochondria, drug treatment is not required.As a rule, hypochondria prescribed psychotherapy by which man must gradually learn to adequately treat their own health.
most commonly used form of psychotherapy such as cognitive-behavioral therapy.The therapist during therapy reveal the thoughts and emotions that are often most concerned about a hypochondriac, and teach him to cope with them.One of their examples of unhealthy behavior hypochondriacs: after the test person concludes that, if the doctor has ordered him additional diagnostic procedures, then he has a serious cause for concern.After a course of psychotherapy hypochondriac must learn to make other conclusions, for example, that a doctor needs more information about his health, to make a diagnosis.In addition, the patient must understand that it aggravates the symptoms, and stop to change their way of life (for example, to give up the sport), although not disturbing its symptoms.
In some cases, for the treatment of hypochondria use other forms of psychotherapy, such as body-oriented psychotherapy.To determine which type of treatment is ideally suited a particular patient, you first need to conduct a thorough examination.