Seasonal depression - antidepressants do without
cold autumn and winter months affect you more than other people?Perhaps you have seasonal depression, also known as seasonal affective disorder.Seasonal depression is called a mental disorder, the symptoms of which are most pronounced at certain times of the year.
harshly seasonal depression is the so-called summer depression, which starts in late spring or in the first weeks of summer, and ends with the onset of autumn.However, most people have signs of seasonal depression occur in the fall, spring and disappear.
cause of seasonal depression
Of the two types of seasonal depression, the most well studied and most easily recognized by the so-called autumn or winter depression.The changing seasons affect the production of hormones by the brain, and this, among other things, defines the relation of man to the time of year.Experts believe that the hormonal changes associated with the development of seasonal depression.According to one theory, the brain begins to produce less serotonin due to the fact that the fall and winter becomes less sunlight.Serotonin - a neurotransmitter that has a calming effect on people.The result of a lack of serotonin are depression, fatigue, increasing age, and sometimes - seasonal depression.In addition, many people in this state there is a strong desire for carbohydrate foods.To a certain extent stimulate the production of serotonin, soothe and improve the mood, but this effect is temporary.
Typically, seasonal depression symptoms first appear in his youth.This disorder is more common in women than in men.In some people, the symptoms are mild;most often irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood , from time to time - the suppression of the general discontent, which alternate periods of good mood.In some cases, seasonal depression causes severe symptoms that have a negative impact on a person's privacy, and also on its achievements in the professional field.
Because seasonal depression is usually associated with a lack of sunlight, it is rare in countries in the thirty degrees north and south of the equator.
symptoms of seasonal depression
common symptoms of autumn and winter depression Depression - a little more than a bad mood are:
- trouble concentrating;
- amplified appetite;
- often a desire to be alone;
- person sleeps more than usual;
- weight gain.
- Symptoms of Depression years:
- weakened appetite;
- Sleep disorders Dreams: how to understand our dreams ;
- weight loss.
How diagnosed seasonal depression
If you suspect that seasonal depression is very important not to engage in self-diagnostics.If you have symptoms of depression, and they do not go away within a few weeks, see your doctor.Sometimes depression during the cold season does point to seasonal depression, but in some cases it is part of a complex mental disorder.The physician must determine the severity of depression, and on this basis to assign therapy.
Treatment of seasonal depression
There are several ways to treat seasonal depression, and what kind of doctor chooses depends on the form of the disease.Many doctors recommend patients to walk as often as possible in the morning to get more sunlight.If this is not possible, it can be assigned to antidepressants and / or phototherapy.
What is phototherapy
Light therapy, or phototherapy Phototherapy - restores vitality - is a medical procedure in which a person is exposed to bright light.During a session a person sits approximately 60 cm from the bright light source - it is approximately 20 times brighter than normal room light.Therapy begins with sessions lasting 10-15 minutes per day.Then, depending on the results, the duration can be increased up to 30-45 minutes.It is important that the patient is avoided looking at the light source for a long time - it reduces the likelihood of eye damage as a result of therapy.
Some people suffering from seasonal depression due svelecheniyu recover in a few days.Other results appear in a few weeks.If light therapy does not work, your doctor may recommend the patient to come to the sessions twice a day.Generally, patients go to the light treatment until the spring, when they can get enough light from a natural source.
Researchers attribute the effectiveness of light therapy in seasonal depression with the hormone melatonin, which is one of the properties is the ability to cause drowsiness.When the light affects the retina, the body begins a process which resulted in reduced production of melatonin.The light is not only reduces the amount of melatonin, but also stimulates the secretion of serotonin, thus providing almost the same effect as antidepressants.
If light therapy is completely ineffective, the patient may be prescribed antidepressants and psychotherapy.
possible to prevent seasonal depression?
following measures help to reduce the likelihood of seasonal depression:
- Spend as much time in the open air - especially during the day, every day and in any weather.
- Eat right, making sure that you have enough of all the essential vitamins and minerals.
- Exercise at least three times a week for at least half an hour.
- Communicate with friends and family, attend interesting events, even if you want to isolate themselves from the world.