first works on the interpretation of dreams appeared three or four thousand years before our era - they were written on clay tablets.Apparently, people have always tried to understand the meaning of dreams, and he still does not leave these attempts.Because the interpretation of dreams is very popular right now.
Interpretation of Dreams in antiquity
assumed that in prehistoric times some members of society do not know how - or simply do not consider it necessary - to distinguish between the dream world from the real world.They saw a continuation of the dreams a reality in which there were more opportunities than in the material world.
In ancient Egypt, priests were engaged in the interpretation of dreams.People who have seen particularly bright, realistic dreams, considered particularly, but the gift of interpretation of dreams, according to the Egyptians, was the blessing of the gods.
In ancient Greece and Rome, the dreams were considered in a religious context - I believe that they ar
Aristotle believed that dreams are the result of physiological processes and their correct interpretation of help available to diagnose the disease and predict the development of the disease in the future.In general, in Greece attached great importance to communication and treatment of dreams.Thus, it was believed that people sleeping in the temple of Asclepius, a dream will be sent healing.Interpreter of dreams helps doctors make diagnoses.
In the Middle Ages, the images that come in dreams, were considered the devil's temptation.People believed that the sleeping person is most vulnerable, and it gives the devil an opportunity to fill his mind sinful thoughts, to try to knock him from the right path.
In the early nineteenth century it was widely believed that dreams come simply as a result of anxiety, noises in the house and even indigestion.In the late 19th and early 20th century, the theory began to appear, which are used for the interpretation of dreams today.
Freud: dreams - it is the road to the unconscious
Sigmund Freud wrote that dreams are closely related to human desires, often - with those that are hidden from him.The latent dream content is replaced with symbols - they seem intricate and obscure, but they have a definite meaning.For example, a house in the dream Freud considered a symbol of man officials - symbols of parents, and so on.To interpret a dream, it is necessary to know not only the characters, but also to watch what they are - for example, looks like a house, the behavior of the authorities, as well as take into account the context in which all this appears.
Jung: archetypes and the collective unconscious
Although Carl Jung somewhat agree with Freud, he believed that dreams - this is more than a repressed desire.He suggested that dreams are a reflection of both personal and collective unconscious, and that they make up part of the soul that are not well functioning during wakefulness.In addition, he believed that the archetypes are also present in dreams in the form of various characters.These symbols, according to Jung, express relations, position of a person who suppresses his mind.Unlike Freud, who believed that the specific characters reflect certain unconscious thoughts, more or less common to all men, Jung came to the conclusion that dreams can be very personal, and to interpret them, you need to know a lot about a man who sees them.
Hall: the dream as a cognitive process
Kelvin Hall speculated that dreams - this is part of the cognitive process in which they are reflections of the elements of human life.Hall has analyzed thousands of diaries, in which people record their dreams, highlighting the major themes and schemes by which things are going, and in the end, created a system that divided the dream content into several different categories.According to the theory of the Hall, to interpret the dream Dreams: how to understand our dreams , you need to know:
- Actions man in his own dream;
- What objects and people present in a dream;
- Features of interaction between people in a dream.
- purpose of the interpretation of dreams, according to Hall, is to understand not sleep, and the person who has a dream.
Domhoff: dream - a reflection of real life
In a series of extensive research by William Domhoff concluded that dreams reflect the thoughts and concerns a man who occupied it during wakefulness.Although dreams are the result of the brain, which is more or less the same for all the people themselves are very individual dreams and analyzing them, we can penetrate deeply into human consciousness.Summarizing his research, Domhoff wrote that on the basis of 75-100 dreams a person can get a fairly accurate psychological portrait.If we analyze a thousand dreams, recorded over several decades of human life, we can write a description of his personality, which is almost as accurate and individual as fingerprints.