Due to the growing popularity of meditation in recent years, its various aspects are increasingly being studied.Of great interest are the study of the electrical activity of the brain at a time when meditation is held.
What happens to the brain during meditation
In the brain, there is always a certain level of electrical activity, no matter how busy we mental work, relax or sleep.The studies using electroencephalography (EEG) measures the frequency of electric waves, and determine where they occurred.Electrodes were placed on the scalp of the subjects, after which they were asked for twenty minutes just relax with your eyes closed, or within the same time to meditate.
During meditation, the frontal and central regions of the cerebral cortex was recorded particularly large amount of theta waves.It is believed that such waves occur in relaxed attention directed to internal sensations.The presence of this type of brain activity is the main difference from meditation relaxation without the u
Earlier studies showed that theta waves are signs of deep relaxation Relaxation and stress - calm, not panic! , and most often occur in people who have long been engaged in meditation.Their source is presumed frontal cortex, which is associated with regulation of many mental processes.It is this area of the brain sends signals through which gradually comes physical relaxation.
alpha waves during meditation was the most in the parietal region of the brain.The amount of alpha waves increases when relaxation occurs as a result of deliberate efforts of man.Such brain activity indicates that the person is relaxed, but his mind is awake.In this state, thoughts, images, memories emerge in the consciousness of themselves - a phenomenon very familiar to those who regularly meditates.
As in meditation Meditation - treats the body and the spirit , and during simple relaxation in the brain was observed only a very small amount of delta waves, the most characteristic of the dream state Dreams: how to understand our dreams .This once again confirms that meditation has a lot more to do with waking than sleeping.Beta waves, which are indicators of brain activity associated with the planning and achievement of objectives during meditation also recorded very little.
types of meditation
- concentration on an object.All kinds of meditation are somehow related to the concentration, however, begin to meditate better with simple choices, such as concentrating on a candle flame on the plant, or at another site.You can also concentrate on your own breathing or melody.Take a comfortable position for meditation, breathing deeply and evenly, and focus on the selected object.Ideally, at the time of meditation, you have to forget about everything except the object, even temporarily freeze have thought in mind.In practice, to achieve this is far from everything and not immediately, but in any case, regular meditation greatly improves concentration.
- chakra meditation is meant to improve the performance of the chakras and their purification.Take your usual meditation posture.Straighten your back, relax your shoulders and muscles of the body and face, breathing evenly.Close your eyes.Now you need to turn, how to visualize the chakras.First, Focus on the sacrum, where the lower chakra - muladhara.It is portrayed as a red lotus flower with four petals.Slide the note slightly higher - to below the navel, and imagine there is an orange lotus with six petals: it is the second chakra, Svadhisthana.Even slightly higher - in the solar plexus - visualize yellow lotus.He has ten petals - is Manipur, the third chakra.At the level of the heart, imagine anahata - heart chakra in the form of green lotus with twelve petals.In the thyroid Thyroid - responsible for your hormones need to visualize the fifth chakra - visuddha, blue lotus with sixteen petals.Move the center of attention is higher in the area just above the point between the eyebrows, and let the blue lotus with two petals - is Ajna, which is sometimes called the third eye.Finally, on top tysyachelistny imagine purple lotus - Sahasrara, the seventh chakra.For some time, continue to represent all seven chakras, and then close the mentally lotus petals, and complete meditation.
- Inner Smile.Take a meditation posture and relax the muscles of the body.Within minutes, breathe deeply, and imagine as to each breath your body is more relaxed.Then slowly lift the corners of her mouth in an easy smile, focusing on the movement.Keep your eyes closed, focus on inner feelings smiles - what do you feel when your lips are smiling?Explore this feeling, immerse yourself in it.You'll understand when you manage to actually realize this inner smile.When this happens, move the sense of inner smile eyes - do not open them, but allow yourself to feel that they, too, smiling.Then move this feeling on the cheekbones, cheeks, chin, throat - and so on, until each part of your body is filled with the inner smile.If done correctly, you will feel the warmth spreads through the body and a feeling of complete rest.This meditation should last 20-30 minutes.