- Placebo - an effective tool for self-hypnosis
unique medicine that is guaranteed to have no side effects, but without a trace eliminates any pain symptoms.It is a placebo, totally harmless and inactive agent that has no effect on your body, but your brain is convinced of the opposite.It may be tablets do not contain any drug, expensive electronic device, which is of no use, the inhaler, which allows the air you breathe, and so, or simply massage therapy Chiropractic: the main thing - to choose the competent expert , that does not heal.
form a placebo can be any.This is not only an important component of clinical tests, but effective therapeutic agent itself.In the end, "placebo" in Latin means "I am agreeable."
Most people have heard about the use of placebo medication - pharmacologically indifferent substance that mimics the drug - in the medical testing.At the same time in a properly organized nor controlled experiment the scientists nor the subject
Although the placebo effect can be strongly pronounced, it has no therapeutic value in the treatment of diseases of the physiological nature.In addition, a placebo does not provide any measurable improvement.Its value is reduced almost exclusively to the reduction or elimination of symptoms, which, incidentally, is known only from the words of the patient.In principle, the placebo helps the patient feel better, but does not affect the disease process, and does not cure it.Exceptions can speak in the case of stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis , insomnia, nausea Nausea - there may be problems with the nervous system and other states, when the physical condition of the patient is suffering, but there is no disease agent.
Placebo - is not only a tablet or medicine.Placebo therapy may be the application of heat, ultrasound, massage, injections, manipulation, or almost everything that can be done with the human body.
who responds to placebos?
In fact, any means of the placebo effect, as a rule, only one-third of all people;although almost everyone responds to at least one type of placebo.Many non-prescription medicines, and even some drugs have an effect comparable only with the effect of a placebo.And yet, we see that they work, and continue to buy them.Thus, review of randomized controlled trials of OTC cough syrups showed that none of them is as effective a drug is superior to placebo.Thus, we can conclude that OTC cough syrups are a placebo.This does not mean that they are ineffective;it only means that they are no better than a harmless inert substance that you think will help you get rid of cough.In most cases, this effect is sufficient.
But not all equally effective means of placebo.Some of them have a much more effective than others.It turned out that various factors have a definite influence on the effectiveness of placebo.If it is a placebo tablet, its effectiveness affect the color, size, shape, taste and even smell.
Regardless of placebo on the strength of its effect, and thus its value, convenience and a way to influence its reception.The effectiveness of the placebo effect is often even such factors as the time and place of its application: impressive interior elite clinic is much more inclined to the patient a placebo effect than the dull atmosphere of the city polyclinic.Here are a few secrets to placebo:
- blue pills more effective than red, relieve fatigue and stress, help to calm down.Red pills are more effective than the blue, when it comes to stimulation.
- Two tablets provide a greater effect than one.
- tablets advertised name, produced by well-known pharmaceutical companies, recognizable packaging, are more effective than pills unknown to the patient a pharmaceutical company, of which he had never before heard.One large study published in the British Medical Journal, showed that corporate aspirin is more effective than generic aspirin, which was more effective than placebo branded drugs, which, in turn, on the effectiveness of the drug ring surpassed placebo.
- expensive treatment is more effective than expensive.
- Description of the placebo effect is also an important factor of influence.Patients whose doctors warn about the strength of the drug, there is a strong placebo effect, than those who have only a distant preparation of the presentation.However, both groups showed a significant improvement, compared with those who did not know anything about the effects of the drug.
- patients receiving placebo from the hands of a man in a white coat, there is much to placebo, compared with those who received the drug from the hands of a man in casual clothes.
- Scores placebo observed in cases where the doctor spends more time with the patient, explaining to him the essence of treatment.
- Morbidity and invasiveness of receiving a placebo - another important factor in its effectiveness.For example, a placebo injection is more effective than tablets.Electric shock therapy is considered more effective than treatment with ultrasound.Acupuncture is more effective than chiropractic.
- Paradoxically, but the placebo therapy, accompanied by unpleasant side effects, is more effective than placebo, without any side effects.
As these small, seemingly items affect the outcome of clinical trials, in which a control group taking a placebo?For example, you are trying to develop a new drug for the treatment of depression Depression - a little more than a bad mood , and your product - it's a little blue pill in a white bottle with no label and a placebo control group - a big shiny red pill in a bottle with a recognizablelabel known firm.What do you think will be the result of the test?Chances are that placebos can give better results than your drug, although, in contrast to the placebo, your preparation can be really effective.This is not as rare as you might think.In our chosen example of product characteristics placebo poorly matched, so the results of this experiment, if it really took place, it can not be considered valid.Organizers of the clinical trials are aware of this, and an important part of their work is to eliminate variables that can skew the results.Features placebo should best meet the properties of the active drug.