Essential oils and their use in medicine
Essential oils are widely used in modern life.They are used in the cosmetic industry to impart odor and those products or other cosmetic properties, in the food industry - to improve the taste of foods.But most importantly their use - is the art of pharmacy, which uses a variety of properties of individual essential oils Essential oils and conception: can help roses? .
Essential oils and their chemical structure
Essential oils - a multi-volatile aromatic substances of vegetable origin, belonging to different classes of chemical compounds.
Chemically oils are mixtures of various organic compounds consisting primarily of certain types of fats, carbohydrates, terpenes (hydrocarbons derived primarily from coniferous trees and other plants) and their derivatives .. In free orbound essential oils contained in the cells of various organs of plants (roots, leaves, stems, flowers and fruits).Their amount in the plant material ranges from 0.001 to 20% based on dry substance.There are more than 2,500 species of Essential Oils.
Essential oils are usually oily liquids of different colors.Some of them at room temperature, have a dense texture.General properties of essential oils is a characteristic odor, burning taste, good solubility in organic solvents, and the ability to flavor water.
action of essential oils on the human body
Most essential oils have antimicrobial and relieves spasm (contraction) of smooth muscle (it is in thethe field of internal organs and blood vessels) properties.Many essential oils have anti-inflammatory action.In addition, they have a positive effect on overall metabolism improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting in humans, inhibit or enhance the activity of the central nervous system, affect the cardiovascular system.Selected essential oils stimulate or depress the respiratory system, has expectorant action.
Poisonous (properties) of most essential oils, especially when they are inhaled (inhaled) and external use is low.However, some essential oils are quite toxic when administered into having hemolytic action (glue red blood cells - red blood cells, causing anemia or anemia).
Excreted oils excreted through the kidneys, thus increasing the urine output (diuresis) as well as through the lungs, than is associated with their direct and local antiseptic expectorant effect.
Essential oils are widely used in the pharmaceutical industry in the manufacture of dosage forms to improve their taste, smell, texture and other properties.The most widely used following therapeutic drugs containing essential oils: tinctures, extracts and arnica oil, valerian, anise, mint Mint and its useful properties: aromatic freshness peppermint, St. John's wort, eucalyptus, chamomile, and so on.
essential oil of valerian
valerian essential oil is found mainly in plant roots.The structure is part of its esters, biologically active substances, isovaleric acid, which gives the oil a characteristic odor, and terpenes (hydrocarbons produced them conifers and certain other plants).
drugs valerian have a calming effect on the nervous system.Valerian is an antagonist of a convulsive poison brucine, and also removes the excitement caused by caffeine.Valerian enhances the inhibitory processes in the central nervous system, eliminates the phenomenon of neurosis Neurosis - reaction to the nervous shock (disease developing on the background of stress), to some extent regulates hormones (affecting the hypothalamus - a brain region that regulates secretionall hormones in the body) relieves spasms of smooth muscles of internal organs and blood vessels.
essential oil of chamomile
essential oil of chamomile has a blue color caused by the content of chamazulene and distinctive smell (the presence of hydrocarbons in it farnezenov).In addition, it also contains other chemicals.
chamomile essential oil has a disinfectant and anti-inflammatory properties.And contained in the plant gives it a more volatile and antispasmodic effect (relieves spasms of smooth muscles of internal organs and blood vessels).
medicines made on the basis of chamomile taken orally to relieve spasms and pain associated with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, biliary tract, and painful menstruation, as a sedative for nervous system diseases (neurosis, epilepsy), as an expectorant for bronchitis and sohereinafter.
Externally chamomile infusions rinse the throat and mouth in various inflammatory diseases, washed sores, boils and burns.In the form of irrigation, such extracts are used in the treatment of inflammatory gynecological diseases.
Essential oils have remarkable properties, many of which are not yet fully understood.