Tricyclic antidepressants are used to treat depression and some other diseases.Typically effect of antidepressants on the body can be seen through the two to four weeks.The duration of a standard course of treatment with tricyclic antidepressants - at least six months, after which there is a complete suppression of symptoms.Side effects of tricyclic antidepressants are usually mild and pass quickly.By the end of treatment dosage of tricyclic antidepressants drugs gradually reduced in order to prevent withdrawal symptoms.
Tricyclic antidepressants are used not only to suppress the symptoms of depression and for treating some other disorders - including migraines, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, regular headaches, certain kinds of pain.Tricyclic antidepressants affect the balance of certain chemicals in the brain (neurotransmitters).
The efficacy of tricyclic antidepressants
in five to seven times out of ten when moderate and severe depression symptom improvement is observed
In some cases, improve the patient's condition has been observed for a few days after you start taking antidepressants, but, in general, to start a full-fledged action drugs should be an average of two to four weeks.In some cases, people stop taking tricyclic antidepressants in a week, because they do not see a noticeable improvement.However, doctors recommend taking a decision on refusal of tricyclic antidepressants in three to four weeks.If depression is accompanied by sleep disturbance Dreams: how to understand our dreams , tricyclic antidepressants help to normalize sleep in a week.
Taking certain tricyclic antidepressants is recommended to start with small doses, gradually increasing the amount to the full dose.If after three to four weeks after receiving the drug the patient is improving, treatment of tricyclic antidepressants is recommended to continue - for the complete suppression of the symptoms of depression requires at least six months of continuous use of drugs.If you stop taking antidepressants too early, the symptoms of depression tend to quickly return.If retsedivnoy depression, whose symptoms returned regularly requires a longer course of treatment.
When receiving tricyclic antidepressants is very important to follow the recommended dosage of the drug, and in any case not to stop antidepressants abruptly - it can cause the symptoms of the so-called withdrawal.By the end of treatment the dosage of tricyclic antidepressants usually gradually decreases, which helps to prevent withdrawal symptoms.The decision to decrease doses or stop treatment takes only a doctor - in any case it is impossible to reduce the dosage or stop treatment on their own.
Types of tricyclic antidepressants
The group of tricyclic antidepressants include imipramine, amitriptyline, doxepin, mianserin, trazodone, lofepramine.Each of these drugs is available under different trade names.
«ideal" tricyclic antidepressants are equally effective action at every person, it does not happen.The choice of a particular drug to treat depression in each case is influenced by several factors - the age of the patient, possible side effects, the previous courses of treatment with antidepressants and other medications taken by the patient, his state of health.If tricyclic antidepressants do not help suppress the symptoms of depression it can be recommended another type of antidepressant.
risks and side effects of tricyclic antidepressants
Most people taking tricyclic antidepressants regularly for an extended period of time, no side effects have been observed - or side effects are minor and quickly disappear.The number of possible side effects include dry mouth, constipation, sweating, blurred vision easy.Usually, the appearance of such side effects of tricyclic antidepressants is recommended that treatment continue - they usually disappear on their own within a week.In some people, tricyclic antidepressants, possessing sedative effect, may cause drowsiness and lethargy - especially in the first month of treatment or when increasing the dose.
One of the most common side effects of any antidepressants, tricyclic and including - various types of sexual dysfunction, including lack of sexual desire, erectile dysfunction, inability to have an orgasm, ejaculation disorder.
Are antidepressants addictive?
Tricyclic antidepressants do not belong to the class of tranquilizers and therefore not able to be addictive.In most cases, the cessation of treatment with tricyclic antidepressants occurs without any problems, in particular with a gradual reduction in the dosage of the drug during the last four weeks of treatment.When a sudden stop receiving tricyclic antidepressants may experience symptoms of the so-called withdrawal - including dizziness, irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood , minor sleep disturbances, diarrhea, crampy abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Typesand symptoms , mood swings Mood swings in women - bad character or a disease? , a general feeling of malaise.Withdrawal occurs very rarely and only in the event of abrupt discontinuation of treatment.Symptoms of this syndrome disappear on their own in less than two weeks after stopping tricyclic antidepressants.