Antidepressants: Side Effects
long been known that anti-depressants - not the safest drugs.As is the case with any other medications, drugs used to treat depression Depression - a little more than a bad mood , can cause a number of rather unpleasant side effects.Although antidepressants are certainly useful to combat depression, some side effects of these drugs can even exacerbate depressive disorder.As yet there is no drug that proved to be much more effective than other antidepressants often selected not on the basis of their effectiveness, and the number and severity of side effects.
surge in popularity of antidepressants - selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors was caused, including, and even the potential for violations of security rules for admission.Some of tricyclic antidepressants - including dothiepin, amitriptyline and imiprimin - an overdose fatally dangerous to human health.However, studies have shown that chronic administration of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors directly linked to suicide Suicide in terms of the psychiatrist - can it be prevented? and aggressive behavior.A huge number of different side effects of antidepressants is associated primarily with not fully examine the effects of these drugs (and depression, for the treatment of which they are intended) on the human brain.Not surprisingly, the constant aggressive effect on delicate and complex structure of the brain chemical compounds can cause unpleasant side effects enough.
Common side effects
The group of the most common side effects of antidepressants include various kinds:
- Dry mouth
- Reduced frequency of urination
- Blurred vision
- Sleep disorders
- Increasebody weight
- Nausea Diarrhea violation of the gastrointestinal tract
- Abdominal pain
- Erectile dysfunction Loss of libido
- Increased irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
One of the reasons why the antidepressant group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors so often recommended by doctors - their potential safety in overdose.However, these antidepressants in any case can not be considered an ideal remedy for depression - they, like other drugs, may cause a number of quite serious side effects.Thus, for example, antidepressants group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, due to their pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties become much more dangerous in combination with other drugs.The simultaneous use of these drugs and antidepressants - monoamine oxidase inhibitors can result in death.Although an overdose of serotonin reuptake inhibitors safer, studies have shown that such drugs is more likely to evoke thoughts of suicide.
Other side effects of antidepressants group of serotonin reuptake inhibitors - nausea, diarrhea, headaches, various sexual disorders (such as lack of sexual desire, inability to experienceorgasm, erectile dysfunction).
most common side effects of this group of drugs - dry mouth, dizziness, drowsiness, blurred vision, sexual problems, skin rashes and weight gain.
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
Among rare, but still possible side effects of antidepressants, monoamine oxidase ingibiotorov (such as phenelzine and tranylcypromine) are inflammation of the liver, heart attack, stroke, seizures.In combination with some other lekarstvayami such preparations may cause a sharp rise in blood pressure.Furthermore, inhibitors of monoamine oxidase cause constipation, dry mouth, headache, insomnia, sexual disorders of various kinds.
selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors and dopamine
Such drugs the risk of side effects is less than that of tricyclic antidepressants or monoamine oxidase inhibitors.Possible side effects - insomnia, headache, dry mouth, heart palpitations, dizziness Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet , nausea, constipation, rash on the skin.
Bupropion (Wellbutrin), the main representative of the group of selective inhibitors of the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine, shortly after the market was temporarily withdrawn from the market due to its potential to cause a seizure.Further studies, however, have shown that epileptic seizures were caused by too large doses of the drug exceeds the admissible norm in four hundred and fifty milligrams a day.The risk of an epileptic seizure as a result of receiving bupropion reduced due to low doses, giving up alcohol and drugs, increasing the risk of epilepsy.