Modern antidepressants: Risks and side effects
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors - modern antidepressants is efficient and minimize the possibility of side effects.Despite the fact that this type of anti-depressants are considered the most effective duration of treatment is at least six months - that is how much time it takes on average for the complete suppression of the symptoms of a depressive disorder.
Antidepressants - selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are used not only to treat depression, but also to suppress the symptoms of some other disorders, including obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder Picks -learn not to be afraid of problems , bulimia.Depending on the disorder, which is used for the treatment of SSRI drugs, their effectiveness may vary.In general, a few weeks after you start taking antidepressants in five to seven cases of severe depression out of ten there is a significant improvement in symptoms.
In some cases, improve the patient's condition has been observed for a few days after you start taking antidepressants - selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.However, often to start a full-fledged action of these drugs requires regular intake of SSRIs for two to four weeks.The recommended course of treatment takes about six months and before the termination of treatment leads to a return of symptoms.In the case of recurrent depression, duration of treatment with antidepressants can be increased.
How to take modern antidepressants
Taking an SSRI antidepressant, it is important to carefully follow the recommended dosage or stop taking medication on their own, without the guidance of the doctor - this may lead to symptoms of the so-called withdrawal (abstinence syndrome).Generally, the dose of antidepressants at the end of treatment decreases gradually to prevent withdrawal symptoms.
Modern antidepressants include citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, paroxetine and sentralin.Each of these products are manufactured under the trade name of the individual.Select one drug that will be most effective for everyone, it is impossible - if the chosen antidepressant does not have the expected impact, it is usually assigned a different drug from the group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.If the SSRI-antidepressants do not help suppress the symptoms of depression, for the treatment of depressive disorder may be recommended by other types of antidepressants.
Risks and side effects
In most cases, even with long-term treatment of antidepressants are no side effects are observed.Possible side effects and risks depend on the specific antidepressant and generally indicated by the manufacturer in the instructions for the drug.The most common side effects of SSRI-antidepressants include diarrhea, general feeling of malaise, nausea, headache.Typically, these side effects of drugs are terminated within one to two weeks.Unlike previous generations of antidepressants, modern antidepressants only in rare cases cause drowsiness and lethargy.
Among the possible side effects of SSRI-antidepressants - the risk of bleeding in the digestive tract, increasing while taking other medications.It is therefore not recommended simultaneous SSRI antidepressants, and aspirin, warfarin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or naproxen.
potential disorders of the nervous system while taking SSRI antidepressants, - dizziness, anxiety, irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood , sleep disturbances, tremor.
modern antidepressants in rare cases can cause various types of sexual dysfunction - including erectile dysfunction, vaginal dryness, lack of sexual desire.
Modern antidepressants and addictive
Antidepressants - selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors do not belong to the class of tranquilizers and are not addictive in most cases.Practically, this means that the termination of treatment such drugs do not cause any problems.Approximately four weeks before the end of the treatment dose SSRI-antidepressants gradually reduced, which allows you to complete the treatment without the occurrence of withdrawal syndrome.Potentially possible withdrawal symptoms include dizziness, irritability and anxiety anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease? , sleep disorders, symptoms similar to the common cold, diarrhea, abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms spasmodic character, mood swings.The chance of these symptoms with a gradual decrease in the dosage of SSRI antidepressant is minimal.