Myths about mental disorders: what is it?
- myths about mental illness: what is it?
- Autism and hyperactivity
- Selective mutism and self-harm
- obsessive-compulsive disorder
You can find many articles about different kinds of strange mental illness Mental illness - a shame to treatHelp? , but the myths that go on these diseases, it is written not so much.Most people have a completely wrong idea of some mental illnesses, disorders and deviations.
10. Antisocial personality disorder
Myth: The one who avoids social interaction, "antisocial".
This is largely semantic error, so it takes tenth place in the list.Many people consider those who do not like to participate in public life, "antisocial personality."In reality, these people are often "pro-social", although in a somewhat unusual form.
diagnosis of "antisocial personality disorder" is placed in an adult, people who consistently ignore the rights of others, resorting to violence, theft and deception, oroften make rash acts, not caring about their own safety or the safety of others.They are often extroverts and are the exact opposite of those people who are considered to be "anti-social" and which, as a rule, are not indifferent to the feelings of others.The latter is usually a shy and suffer from a form of autism, depression Depression - a little more than a bad mood , social anxiety disorder and avoidant personality disorder.The diagnosis of "avoidant personality disorder" put those people who avoid social interaction because of a strong fear of rejection.And it is also one of the causes of antisocial disorder.These two types of variations have similar names, despite the fact that in reality, they are completely different disorders.
9. multiple personality syndrome
Myth: people suffering from multiple personality syndrome, radically change their behavior and forget what happened just by switching from one to another of his personality.
Some people believe that the disease - itself a myth, as his suspiciously often diagnosed in North America, not anywhere else.But let us now take for the truth of the fact that the disease still exists.
People with multiple personality syndrome are two to a hundred or more different "I", which in turn come to the fore.These other "I" often arise as a result received in childhood trauma.Change the individual does not always cause noticeable changes in behavior or appearance, so by the presence of the disorder may not be noticed.Many people with multiple personality syndrome is aware of at the other "I" and know what kind of person, even before the therapy, which does not help if the patient does not remember how to switch from one personality to another.It so happens that any person does not know what is going on until the consciousness of the other person run, which leads to amnesia, but it so happens that all the individual fully aware of what is happening, but it does not manifest itself.Usually, there is a group of individuals, which to some extent in contact with each other and may even act in concert to hide their multiplicity.Some people with the syndrome refuse treatment that would help them to keep only one of its "I" and stop switch between them, because these people excellent feel, with a team of individuals.
Myth: All people suffering from dyslexia can not read, because they see the letters in the wrong order.
In fact, in one myth contains as much as two, but that's just two of the many myths about dyslexia.The first myth - is that people with dyslexia Dyslexia - a unique gift or a punishment? can not read.In fact, many of them trained in reading, but without help the learning process is very slow and on the level they are far behind their peers in speed and comprehension.But even here there are exceptions: many children with dyslexia manage to hide the fact that they have difficulty reading until the third or fourth grade, or even longer.And if they are teaching someone who knows what dyslexia, they can learn to read very, very well.
Another part of the myth - is the fact that dyslexics see letters backward or out of order.It seems true, because when they are confused trying to figure out what kind of word to them, they confuse the letters or sounds, and some even confuse "left" and "right", and have difficulty spelling.However, this is not the cause of their illness.Dyslexia has less to do with the difficulties in processing visual information, but with a special type of thinking.
Myth: schizophrenics hear voices in his head.
We all know what schizophrenia, and all heard the jokes about the "voice in the head."But contrary to what many people believe, not everyone who suffers from this disease, hearing voices in his head.Auditory hallucinations in schizophrenics are common, but they are more likely to ensure that the voices are not heard in his brain, and from objects outside of their body.And besides, not all schizophrenics found that symptom.They may experience hallucinations (when they see or hear something that does not really exist), illusion (when they believe in their own delusions), random thoughts, lack of or inadequacy of emotional reactions, and in catatonic schizophrenia Schizophrenia - aroundblame civilization may even be completely absent desire to move.Schizophrenia - is a complex disease with a wide range of possible symptoms.(Moreover, the multiple personality is not one of the symptoms of the disease).