Anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease?
- anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease?
- character accentuation
anxiety, or an anxiety disorder characterized by anxiety or fear, which can be mild or severe.At certain times of life, these feelings experienced by each person.For example, people may be afraid or worry about the exam, medical examination or interview when applying for a job.Anxiety, appearing only occasionally, is perfectly normal.However, for anxiety, generalized anxiety disorder, or say when a person is very difficult to control these emotions Emotions and culture: how to decipher the emotional code .Anxiety at such people is more stable and often has a negative impact on daily life.
There are several violations, which is the main symptom of anxiety.These include: panic disorder Panic disorder - learn to not be afraid of problems , phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder.Conventional anxiety tend to say, if such a breach as generalized anxiety disorder.
This prolonged disorder in which a person experiences anxiety over a wide range of situations and problems, and not because of any particular event.
People with increased anxiety feel anxious most of the time and often can not remember when the last time they felt more or less relaxed.In anxiety disorder can be both psychological and physical symptoms.They vary from person to person, but most often observed in these patients irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood and anxiety, and problems with concentration and / or sleep Dreams: how to understand our dreams .
Anxiety disorders affect women slightly more than men;They occur most frequently between the ages of 20 and 30 years.
Psychological symptoms of anxiety
Anxiety can cause a change in behavior and perception.The most common psychological symptoms of anxiety disorders:
- feeling of fear;
- Constant feeling "on edge";
- difficulty concentrating;
- person easily distracted from any class.
These symptoms often cause patients to avoid social contact to avoid feelings of anxiety and fear.Jobs (even favorite) also causes great concern, often patients seek as often as possible to take sick leave or looking for other reasons to go to work less.These actions are likely to lead to increased anxiety and Bole adversely affect the self-esteem of man.
The most common physical symptoms of anxiety:
- Drowsiness and fatigue;
- palpitations (a very frequent episodes of palpitations);
- pain and tension in the muscles;
- dry mouth;
- shortness of breath;
- pain in the stomach;
- Excessive thirst;
- frequent urination;
- painful menstruation and / or absence of menstruation, for one or several months;
- Sleep problems (most commonly, insomnia).
If you notice these symptoms in yourself and / or when the anxiety affects the quality of your life as soon as possible to see a doctor.
As is the case with the majority of states that affect mental health, the exact cause of anxiety is unknown.Some patients have anxiety disorders develop for no apparent reason, while others - after a traumatic event.
Some researchers have suggested that the development of anxiety affect two neurotransmitters - serotonin and norepinephrine.An imbalance of these chemicals in the brain can greatly affect the mood and increase the likelihood of developing anxiety disorders.
combination of reasons
At the same time, other experts believe that only one particular brain chemistry can not be a cause of anxiety.Most likely, it is a violation develops under the influence of many factors, including:
- biological processes in the body;
- Environment (these include environmental, social, cultural, economic, and other conditions);
- personal experience.