Preparing for pregnancy and the role of men in the process
Do I need to plan a pregnancy?Obstetricians give a definite answer to this: is better, if the pregnancy is not unexpected surprise, a surprise even fraught with a number of surprises that can occur during pregnancy and delivery in a variety of complications.But you need to prepare not only women but also men.
Pregnancy and childbirth can be compared with the difficult and responsible job that requires training, and then the efforts to comply with the regime and holding regularly scheduled observations and surveys in antenatal clinic.Constant medical monitoring of the pregnant woman is the guarantee of a healthy baby.And when there is reasonable certainty that all will be well, improved mood and pregnancy brings a special satisfaction - is also preparing - in a meeting with his kid.Active stance in preparation for pregnancy should take a future father, he should not only help his wife, but also to prepare himself.
So, the young couple decided to become parents.Where to begin?Of course, with the survey.
first stage - examination by a physician
First of all, you need to make sure that the physical condition of the woman's health allows her to have children.For this woman for several months prior to conception should contact a physician to detect diseases of the internal organs and systems.Carried out a full examination: chest X-ray, electrocardiogram, general blood and urine tests, counseling specialists (ENT, ophthalmology, dentistry).If a preliminary examination revealed any pathology, there shall be additional methods of research and consulting specialists.All identified pockets of infection and disease (chronic tonsillitis, carious teeth, etc.) being treated.The husband should realize the importance of such an examination, and fully support his wife at this stage.
second stage - examination of the reproductive system of the spouses
next step - an appeal to the local female obstetrician-gynecologist who will identify andto treat diseases of the female reproductive organs.Simultaneously, the spouse must apply the same problem to the urologist.While visiting these experts reveal the hidden sexual infections, inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, hormonal disorders affecting normal pregnancy.
Sometimes spouses are not aware of their hidden sexual infections (genital herpes, chlamydia, ureaplasmosis Ureaplasmosis - inflammation of the urogenital system , mycoplasma Mycoplasmosis - infection does not always equal disease and others), whichbefore conceiving a child is necessary to identify and treat, or they may complicate pregnancy and affect the health of the child as the effects of intrauterine infections.If any such infection in one of the spouses must both be treated.
no less dangerous and inflammatory diseases caused by non-specific infection (staphylococcus, streptococcus and other pathogens) - they can cause a woman, for example, blocked tubes fallopian tubes - asymptomatic , that will prevent conception and normalthe development of pregnancy.
Finally, in the course of examination in the antenatal clinic checked hormonal women, since it is the hormones allow a woman to conceive, carry and give birth to a child.
Why the couple is determined by blood group and Rh factor
in antenatal also determined the blood group of both spouses and the presence or absence of blood Rh factor.This is very important because it meets the incompatibility of blood between mother and fetus as the blood group and Rh factor.This incompatibility can cause serious illness in the newborn child - hemolytic disease, ie blood clotting.
Rh factor - a protein molecule, which are located on the surface of red blood cells.The problem is that some people (they are a minority) do not have the Rh factor.If the blood is Rh-negative mother's blood mixes with Rh-positive fetus, the mother takes the Rh factor as a foreign substance (antigen) and generates in response to his appearance in the blood of antibodies Antibodies - "soldiers' immunity .Antibodies are glued to the Rh factor (and hence with the red blood cells) to form antigen-antibody complexes (blood clotting), which are deposited in organs and tissues, causing a variety of changes in them.Since red blood cells contain hemoglobin, which carries the internal organs and tissues of oxygen, the child's entire body, especially the brain suffers from lack of oxygen.
first pregnancy in Rh-negative women are Rh-positive fetus usually resolves without complications because the body first encounters Rh factor and does not have time to develop antibodies.When reinstalling the pregnancy Rhesus conflict is inevitable.Rh-negative women should be aware of this, and in any case not to interrupt the first pregnancy.For a man, Rh-negative blood does not matter: if the Rh factor in the blood of the men there, and then the baby's blood is Rh-negative, that is, the conflict under any circumstances will not.
third stage - consultation genetics
next stage of the survey of the parents - consultation of the doctor-genetics in order to avoid the risk of having a child with a genetic condition (eg, Down syndrome).
Identification of genetic diseases occurs through careful survey of parents about their own diseases and diseases of the next of kin.If you want to pass tests - at family planning centers are bound to have the genetic laboratory.
Only after a thorough examination of both spouses can be sure that the family is ready for the birth of a healthy baby.