Formation of the concept of "manic depression" associated with the names of French psychiatrists of the 19th century and Falre Bayyarzhe.They combined the manic and depressive states in a clinical complex and established the general laws of their development and progression.In the future, the German psychiatrist E.Krepelin classify these states.
What is manic depression
Manic-depressive psychosis (MDP) is a cyclic change in the state of the psyche, which is closely related to the psycho-emotional state of the patient, which also varies cyclically: low mood (depression) is replaced by excessive excitementstate (mania).These states are separated by light intervals (intermissions), during which the patient's mental state is perfectly normal.TIR feature is that in this condition a person not suffering patient.
frequency TIR among other mental illnesses Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help? ranges from 3 to 18%.The disease can manifest itself in various forms and are not always detect
Most often the first manifestation of the TIR begin after 30 years, when a person goes to the load independent life.In women, the beginning of the TIR is often coincides with the onset of menstruation, childbirth and menopause.Disease begins slowly and it is very important at this time to notice the first signs of it and seek medical advice.
first manifestations of the TIR - is a periodic change of mood - it becomes very unstable, the excitement gives way to depressed mood and vice versa.Gradually, these mood swings begin to take cyclical, with a bad mood usually lasts longer than high.It was only after some time (sometimes through the years) begins detailed picture of the disease.
main reason - heredity
Manic-depressive psychosis is considered to be hereditary (genetic) disease.But not inherited by the disease itself, but a predisposition to it.If the family of the child had the disease TIR, the psychiatrists warn parents that this child should avoid stress and strong emotions Emotions and culture: how to decipher the emotional code : what is useful for the normal child, for a child with aggravated heredityIt can serve as a starting point for the onset of the disease.If you comply with these conditions throughout life, then the person can not get sick, but a predisposition to it TIR their children still pass.
inherited by the Constitution - a set of stable properties of the human body caused by heredity (genotype) and the duration of the intensity of the environment.
By constitutional personality types predisposed to the disease MIS are primarily people with cyclothymic or cycloid temperament, which is characterized by fluctuations between the high (hypomanic) and reduced (subdepressive) mood.
other constitutional features of the patients are prone primarily to depression Depression - a little more than a bad mood , is ordering, seriousness, sense of duty, diligence, love of order, passing into mania.
Trigger start of a manic-depressive psychosis
person may have a family history, the constitution and the right, however, not to get sick TIR.The other, not having such hereditary characteristics, TIR can occur after any traumatic event.Why is that?
reasons there may be a few.First, not everyone knows what hurt their close relatives, sometimes by children is just hiding, and sometimes the disease is mild.Therefore, if the TIR appears among full health, psychiatrists trying to "dig out" genetic cause of the disease, but it is not possible to always, in this connection, increasingly question that TIR can be caused by different reasons that we are not always known.
Yet most TIR sick people with family history.For the time being, they look perfectly healthy.But after some, hard for them to events, gradually develop TIR.It can be stressful, too high Neuropsychiatric load, any disease, abortion, childbirth and so on.
conducted in recent years, studies have shown that manic-depressive illness may occur as a result of a variety of hereditary and, rarely, acquired changes in the psyche.Therefore, for such people is very important emotional background sparing the environment, the absence of any stress and loads.