Panic attacks - fear of nowhere

  • Panic attacks - fear of nowhere
  • reasons

Panic attacks panic attack or panic attack - a sudden, inexplicable, painful bout of severe anxiety and intense fear that develops withoutapparent reason, and causes severe physical reactions.Panic attacks make depressing impression on the man himself and to others.At the moment of attack man thinks that he loses control of his body, experiencing a heart attack or even die.

Everyone throughout life can survive one or two panic attacks.But if panic attacks are repeated more often, and you experience constant fear of the next attack, you may be suffering from chronic diseases, known as panic disorder.

Before panic attacks blamed on nerves or stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis How to beat stress? , but now doctors recognize them as a separate state and they are sometimes used to refer to the term "vegetative crisis" and "cardioneurosis."Panic attacks can significantly affect the quality of your life, but the prognosis is favorable treatment.

Symptoms of a panic attack

physical symptoms of a panic attack - shortness of breath, dizziness, palpitations, chest pain, sweating, trembling.Since the symptoms of a panic attack similar to the clinical picture of some life-threatening diseases, it is important to determine the exact diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment.

panic attacks usually occur a few or many of the following symptoms:

  • sense of doom and impending death;
  • rapid heartbeat and pulse;
  • sweating;
  • strong tremor;
  • shortness of breath;
  • hyperventilation;
  • chills;
  • «tides";
  • nausea;
  • abdominal cramping Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms ;
  • chest pain Chest pain: one symptom - a lot of diseases Chest pain is one symptom - a lot of diseases ;
  • headache;
  • dizziness;
  • weakness;
  • choking or shortness of breath;
  • sensation of numbness or tingling in the limbs;
  • confusion of thoughts.

Panic attacks usually begin suddenly, without any warning signs.A panic attack can begin at almost any time when you are driving a car, eat breakfast, go shopping at the mall, fast asleep, or lead business negotiations.The attack can take place in different ways, but the symptoms reach a peak within the first ten minutes and stored for about an hour.After the end of the attack, you may feel tired, nervous and physical exhaustion.

most terrible panic attack - the strongest fear of losing control over themselves, their bodies and actions (for example, the fear of committing suicide), as well as fears of a repeat attack.Repetitive and debilitating panic attacks may be a sign of panic disorder, a form of chronic anxiety disorder.

People with panic disorder Panic disorder - learn to not be afraid of problems , so afraid of panic attacks that try to avoid any situation that could provoke a panic attack, for example, do not leave the house, since only the four walls feel safe.

When should you see a doctor

noticed at any symptoms of a panic attack, as soon as possible, seek medical help.Panic attacks are difficult to control, and no treatment for their frequency and may worsen.In addition, the symptoms of a panic attack is similar to a number of other serious diseases, such as heart attack, so it is essential that the diagnosis, if you are not sure what is causing the symptoms.

causes of panic attacks

not known what triggers panic attacks or panic disorder promotes.Here are a few possible reasons:

  • heredity;
  • stress;
  • certain changes in the function of the brain.

Some studies suggest that a panic attack is a natural response to stress and the risk (so-called "fight or flight response").For example, if a bear is chasing after you, your body will react instinctively heart rate quickens, there is shortness of breath.So the body prepares for a life-threatening situation.A similar reaction occurs when a panic attack.But science is not yet known why there is a panic attack when there is no apparent danger.

Risk Factors

symptoms of panic disorder often occur in late adolescence or early adulthood.Women are prone to panic attacks more than men.Many people are experiencing one or two panic attacks in their lives, usually in a stressful situation.

Factors that increase the risk of panic attacks or panic disorder include:

  • family history of panic attacks or panic disorder;
  • a lot of stress;
  • death or serious illness of a loved one;
  • big changes in life, eg having a baby;
  • experienced childhood physical or sexual abuse;
  • traumatic situation such as an accident or rape.

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