Serotonin - happiness is not only in the head
- Serotonin - happiness is not only in the head
- Serotonin and depression
Serotonin acts as a neurotransmitter, a chemical that helps transmit signals from one part of the brain to another.Although serotonin is produced in the brain, where it performs its basic functions, about ninety percent of inventories are serotonin in the gastrointestinal tract and blood platelets.
As serotonin is produced
Serotonin is produced as a result of the unique biochemical synthesis process.Process begins with tryptophan, amino acids contained in proteins.The cells that produce serotonin, tryptophan hydroxylase is used, which is then obtained 5-tryptophan hydroxylase, which is better known as serotonin.
What is the role of serotonin in the health
as neurotransmitter serotonin helps to transmit signals from one part of the brain to another.Since these cells are widely distributed, it is believed that serotonin has a great impact on psychology and the functioning of the body.Of the approximately forty million brain cells, almost all experiencing direct or indirect influence of serotonin.Including cells related to mood, sexual desire and function, appetite, sleep, memory and learning, temperature regulation, and social behavior.
From the perspective of the functioning of the body, serotonin affects the cardiovascular system, muscles and the various elements of the endocrine system.Studies also confirm the influence of serotonin on the production of milk, and a defect in the serotonin network linked to sudden infant death syndrome Sudden Infant Death Syndrome - the cause has not yet been found .
Are the amount of serotonin in the body in both men and women - and the same whether its impact on the body and brain
Studies show that men have a little more serotonin than women, but the difference is insignificant.However, studies show that there is a big difference in how men and women react to the reduction of serotonin - that this may be the reason why women are more likely than men to suffer from depression.
Researchers found that when serotonin levels in the brain decreases, men become more impulsive, but not necessarily with the repressed.Women, in contrast, experienced a marked deterioration in mood and become more careful - such emotional reactions associated with depression.Now researchers suggest that perhaps the male and female body in different ways using serotonin.Perhaps if these studies will continue, scientists will be able to figure out why more women suffer from anxiety anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease? and mood disorders, and men are more prone to alcoholism, attention deficit attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - to help fidget? and disorders of impulse control.
There is some evidence that female sex hormones may interact with serotonin, causing or increasing the symptoms of premenstrual, menopausal disorders Climacteric disorders - can you avoid them? or postpartum depression.It is no coincidence all this - period changes in sex hormone levels.Men generally uniform level of sex hormones that age begins to decline gradually.
Senile dementia and Alzheimer's disease are associated with the brain, whether they affect serotonin
Some researchers believe that older people have reduced the activity of neurotransmitters, it's part of the natural aging process, the same as the decrease in bone mass.One recent study found that patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease, there is a lack of serotonin in the brain.Researchers have suggested that this lack due to lower amounts of cell receptors - the cells that receive signals serotonin - and this, in turn, can lead to symptoms of Alzheimer's disease-related memory impairment.However, there is evidence that increasing the levels of serotonin prevent Alzheimer's disease or delay the onset of dementia.However, research is ongoing.