Nootropil - What are the contraindications should be taken into account
Nootropil - it is quite an effective drug, it is usually well tolerated, but, nevertheless, can not have contraindications and side effects.All indications and contraindications must take into account when assigning physician nootropil.
Contraindications and side effects nootropil
Contraindications and side effects nootropil arise from the mechanism of action of this drug.Nootropil two main effects - improvement of metabolic processes in the neurons of the brain by increasing energy and improving blood circulation in the brain due to the fact that inhibited blood coagulation and adhesion (adhesion) of red blood cells to the walls of blood vessels.
Nootropil is rapidly absorbed into the blood and then excreted unchanged in the urine by the kidneys.
Nootropil is usually well tolerated, but there may be side effects that occur primarily disorders of the central nervous system.This irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood , irritability, insomnia or drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, depression, often accompanied by anxiety anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease? and increased physical activity.In children with perinatal brain lesions may appear anxiety, restlessness worsen, motor disinhibition.They become unbalanced, irritable.It nootropil affect the ability to drive vehicles, so when taking a car to drive is not recommended.
the part of the gastrointestinal tract can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms .In elderly patients may be more frequent angina Angina: When the heart needs help .
Contraindications for use nootropil bleeding
Nootropil can not be used, as in the external and internal bleeding, as it lowers the rolling capacity of the blood by inhibiting the aggregation (bonding) platelets.Therefore nootropil can not be used immediately after bleeding in the brain (hemorrhagic stroke).Later, in the recovery stage, nootropil used, but with caution.
wary appoint nootropil and bleeding disorders, with frequent prolonged bleeding (eg, cyclic uterine bleeding and atsiklichskih) if the patient will have surgery, and so on.
Contraindications with severe kidney disease
Nootropil excreted through the kidneys unchanged.In severe kidney disease, accompanied by significant impairment of their function, nootropil will linger in the body, which can significantly increase its side effects.Therefore, when kidney disease nootropil may be appointed only under the supervision of biochemical blood tests (creatinine clearance), and if the figures are not correct, reduce the dose nootropil.
In old age often lose their kidney function, so elderly patients nootropil administered with caution and under the supervision of laboratory tests.
Contraindications to certain categories of patients
Nootropil not prescribed to pregnant women - it passes through the placenta to the fetus.The laboratory tests of the drug in animals have not revealed any adverse effects on the fetus, but the necessary clinical studies in pregnant women have not been conducted.Therefore nootropil pregnant women is not appointed.
Nursing mothers also take nootropil contraindicated, since it is allocated to breast milk.Nootropil concentration in the blood of newborn reaches almost same concentration as in the blood of the mother.If necessary, use during lactation should refrain from breastfeeding.
If a woman nootropil is vital, it is recommended to interrupt breastfeeding.The reason also lies in the absence of clinical trials on children nootropil to a year - they also nootropil not assigned.
Who else is contraindicated nootropil
Nootropil can cause mood disorders and agitation, so it is not suitable for depression, accompanied by anxiety - agitated depression.
nootropil contraindicated during Huntington's disease - a chronic progressive hereditary degenerative diseases characterized by an increase of involuntary movements (hyperkinesias), and dementia.Nootropil can strengthen hyperkinesis.
Not applicable nootropil and in case of hypersensitivity to the drug.
Nootropil - effective and quite safe drug, but his appointment is required to take into account all the indications and contraindications.