Delusional syndromes: a sign of mental disorders
Delirium occurs against a background of mental illness Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help? and often is the leading or sole manifestation of them.In most cases, delirium combined with other signs of mental disorder, such as hallucinations, various disorders of consciousness.
Types delusional syndromes
Delusional syndromes are mental disorders Mental Disorders - when life is not a pleasant , where the main feature is the delusions - false, is not associated with objective reality and the specific life situationjudgment or idea arises in the mind of the patient and fully engross them.Brad can not be dissuasion, as the patient is absolutely convinced of the correctness of their judgments.
Delusional syndromes accompany mental illnesses such as manic-depressive syndrome, schizophrenia and organic (in the aftermath of trauma, infections and tumors), brain disease, its vascular lesions and chronic poisoning (intoxication, such as alcohol abuse).
main syndromes are paranoid delusional, paranoid and paraphrenic.
paranoid delusional syndrome
Paranoia - a delusion that develops in clear consciousness and often with normal intellectual abilities and skills.At the heart of paranoid delirium is often overvalued idea - the belief that developed under the influence of objectively existing life circumstances.But the patient gives overvalued idea of too much importance, which it does not deserve.Gradually such overvalued idea cluttered with new speculation and becomes a systematized paranoid delusions, which can be acute or chronic.
Chronic poranoyyalny syndrome manifests itself gradually.First, there is the idea of persecution (for example, for some real action).Initially, the patient usually afraid of harassment at work, trouble with the neighbors, making plans and carries out some action to address the threat.Over time, there is a risk of physical destruction, which requires more than action.Patients turn in on themselves, fenced off from the outside world, or, on the contrary, attack on the "enemies", performing a variety of illegal activities.Sometimes paranoia Paranoia - explicit symptoms are not observed manifested delusions of grandeur, of invention, of social transformation.
Patients with paranoid delusions Brad - not only crazy have certain traits: they are suspicious, circumstantial, vindictive.
acute paranoid syndrome is most often expressed by the sudden appearance of anxiety, fear, or, on the contrary, against the background of rapturous ecstasy of a fictional judgment.Acute paranoid delusions characterized by strong emotional experiences that often contributes to the appearance of patients a high degree of aggressiveness.Often paranoid delusions occur, for example, schizophrenia.
Paranoid delusional syndrome
Paranoid and paranoid-hallucinatory syndrome - a syndrome manifested by delusions of persecution and sensory disorders in the form of verbal (word), hallucinations and mental automatism ("flood" and impose "alien" thoughts).
syndrome of paranoid delusions of persecution besides, there may be other delusions - poisoning, causing physical injury, jealousy, spying.Most often associated delusions of persecution and impact.The patient believes that he is under constant surveillance, watching his every move and harm him.Often, the "enemies" are able to manage all of his thoughts and feelings, make him make those or other actions.
paranoid syndrome often develop chronic, but can also occur acutely.Acute paranoid delusions is a combination of sensuous figurative delirium with hallucinations (the patient sees, hears and feels what is not), pseudohallucinations (patients see, hear and feel something inner eye), and the influx of "foreign" ideas in my head (syndrome of mental automatism).Patients thus are in a state of confusion, unaccountable anxiety.Bred in this case it is fragmentary, unsystematic and patients do not even try to delusions some interpretation.
paranoid syndrome usually occurs in chronic diseases, such as schizophrenia.
paraphrenic delusional syndrome
Paraphrenia (fantaziofreniya, fantastically paranoid syndrome) - a syndrome that is dominated by the fantastic delusions content, often combines the grandiose delusions of grandeur with ideas of persecution or exposure to, and often with auditory hallucinations or pseudohallucinations.The degree of systematization and fantastic delusions can be different.
Often such nonsense combined with verbal (verbal), hallucinations, false recognition.Patients talk about the impact on his various fantastic devices, meetings with famous people.
Parafrenichesky syndrome occurs in chronic ongoing illness often followed by other mental changes, including paranoid and paranoid syndrome is a sign of disease progression.
Prevention progression delusional syndromes is their early detection and treatment.