Manifestation, during (including seasonal exacerbation) and outcome of schizophrenia are extremely varied, in some cases it is difficult to distinguish from other mental illnesses.Close to the study of this disease started in the second half of the XIX century, but today it is a lot of mysterious and unexplained.
What is schizophrenia
Schizophrenia - is endogenous (arising due to internal reasons) mental illness Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help? continuous or paroxysmal course, personality changes manifested in the form of schizophrenic defect (loss of mental activity, emotional impoverishment, isolation, thought disorders) and disorders such as delirium, hallucinations.Thus in patients with preserved ability of the so-called formal intelligence (memory, acquired knowledge).
Schizophrenia is the most common mental illness and is characterized by a wide variety of manifestations and forms.But basically there are three great forms of schizophrenia:
- nepreryvnotekuschaya schizophrenia;
- attack-like progression of (shift-like) - with each attack (Shub) the patient's condition worsens;
- periodic - attacks occur periodically, but the patient's condition does not deteriorate.
causes of schizophrenia are varied and not completely understood.Matters genetic predisposition, biochemical changes in the brain, various external influences (stress, infections).
main symptoms of schizophrenia
The most common symptoms of schizophrenia can be divided into three main groups: positive, negative and disorganized.
positive signs - those that do not happen in a healthy individual (ie this emerging signs).They include delusions (beliefs and ideas that have nothing to do with reality) and hallucinations (patients see, hear and feel what is actually there).
Negative symptoms - these are signs that must be present in a healthy person, but they are not sick, that is, they fall.The negative features include: reduction or complete absence of emotion Emotions and culture: how to decipher the emotional code , the desire to protect themselves from contact with others and from any activity, reduction of energy (lethargy, confusion), the lack of desire and interest in life, complete indifference to his appearance, inability to "fit" into the social life, lability (quick change) mood, catatonia (stay stationary, "wax" state for a long time)
Disorganized symptoms - is man's inability to think clearly, speak and act.These signs include: frequent leap from one thought to another in the process of communication, the use of meaningless phrases and words, very slow movements and speech, inability to make decisions, forgetfulness, often - every day repeated misunderstanding of visual images, sounds, feelings.
Does schizophrenia of seasonality
This fact was not recognized for a long time, however, the statistical studies in recent years (in spring and autumn is hospitalized and a half times more than the mentally ill) confirm that the seasonality of exacerbations of schizophrenia (as well asand exacerbation of any mental illness) is.This is especially true of attack-like progressive (shift-like) form of schizophrenia, which attacks (fur) include both depression (with a reduction in the mood), and manic (with elevated mood) state.Such seasonal fluctuations composure of mentally ill people are called seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
established that mentally ill people are starting to feel worse in the spring when daylight increases by two hours and fall for the same two o'clock decreases.This occurs most likely because the pace of life gets off, and with it the internal biological rhythms.A healthy person feels in this period lethargy, decreased performance, irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood , but he is able to overcome the discomfort and leads a normal life.And the mentally ill person begins exacerbation as arrhythmias are reflected primarily on the central nervous system and the secretion of hormones that regulate the activity of the whole organism.
Most often, seasonal affective disorders tend to emotionally unstable patients, with frequent changes of mood, which is characteristic of episodic-like progressive schizophrenia.
How to prevent exacerbation of schizophrenia in the offseason
First of all, these patients need to be protected from all external influences, especially those that are unpleasant to them.The cause of acute schizophrenia during the offseason can be any change in the form of a small stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis , sharp sound, the sudden glare.Patients with schizophrenia are prone to seasonal affective disorder, in spring and autumn should receive preventive treatment, even if they do not relapse.