The structure of the female reproductive system: the outer and the inner part

The structure of the female reproductive system Hardly any of the women, except, of course, health care workers know perfectly the structure of the female reproductive system.In general, these relate only to the knowledge of the external genitalia, and the ones that are hidden from view, is a mystery.However, be aware of your device should be every woman.

female genitalia serve two important functions.Outdoor responsible for sexual arousal and pleasure, and internal genital organs are responsible for the conception Conception, ovarian cycle, fertilization and genetics Conception, ovarian cycle, fertilization and genetics of a child baby and child bearing.

female genitals

As noted above, the female genital organs consist of two segments.The first department to include internal sex organs: the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina.The second department include the vulva, which includes large and small labia, clitoris, hymen and vestibule.

External genitals

  • large labia

Labia or shameful lips are folds of skin containing fat-rich connective tissue.They are interconnected dermal ridges, called commissure.Slit-like space bounded laterally labia majora is called sexual slit.The labia majora are covered with hair, and in their lower sections are arranged Bartholin's glands, which secrete a lubricant during sexual arousal.

  • Labia

located inside the labia majora and usually hidden by them.They represent two longitudinal folds of the skin resembling mucosa.The hair on the labia lips, no, but there are sebaceous glands.Labia have a large number of blood vessels and nerve endings, and is one of the erogenous zones of a woman.

Clitoris The clitoris is located in the upper connection of the labia minora are also well supplied with blood and innervated.The main objective of the clitoris is the concentration of sexual arousal.In neerogirovannom state clitoris in size does not exceed 4-5 mm.The clitoris consists of a head, body and legs.The body of the clitoris is enclosed in a dense fibrous membranes and plays a role of sexual head.


  • ovaries

ovary - it is a paired organ and female reproductive gland, similar to the male testes.It is a flat oval body length of 2.5 cm, 1.5 cm wide and 1 cm thick. At the end of the ovary are two: the upper, which faces the fallopian tube, and bottom connected with the uterus special bunch.Outside the ovary is covered with cortex, under which is a gentle medulla.It is in the cortex of mature follicles from which the release of the egg.Another function of the ovary is the synthesis of sex hormones.

Vagina Vagina is a muscle-stretchable fibrous tube about 8 cm long.The upper end of the vagina covers the cervix, and the bottom - hole opens in the sex gap.The opening of the vagina is covered in virgin folds of mucous membrane, the hymen, leaving only a small opening.Inside the vagina mucosa covered with lots of folds, allowing it to be stretched during childbirth and intercourse.

uterus uterus - is a muscular organ located in the pelvis between the bladder Urinary bladder - structure and function Urinary bladder - structure and function front and the rectum behind.The uterus is the development of the ovum.Also generative function performs menstrual uterus.The uterus is pear-shaped and rejected in front, forming an angle between the body and cervix.

  • cervix

cervix is ​​an extension of the body, but rounder and is already the last.The cervix is ​​the outer end protrudes into the upper vagina.Nulliparous cervical opening has a rounded shape, and giving birth looks transverse slot with a catch on the edges.In the first stage of labor the cervix to soften the edges and thinner, due to which there is disclosure of uterine throat.

  • Fallopian tubes

Uterine (fallopian tubes) play the role of the oviducts in which the fertilized egg enters the uterus.From inside the fallopian tubes are covered with fibers that provide movement egg into the uterus.The outer end of the fallopian tubes adjacent to the ovary.The fallopian tubes are four departments: the mother, the isthmus ampullar and funnel.

Anna Sozinova