How to become a leader: that is, that does not take away
One can hardly say that all, without exception, want to be leaders everywhere and always, but the fact that everyone wants to become a leader either in the professional field, whether in interpersonal communication, theDo More in any field, to deny stupid.Another thing is that a lot of wanting, and these leaders in order of magnitude smaller.But psychologists say that a leader can not be the only one who has a natural innate set of relevant personality traits.Like, a leader capable of becoming virtually everyone.
Who is a leader
leader called person having in any group of people, formal or informal, the greatest authority recognized by most members of the group, and which is able to direct the action of the group as a whole and its individual members in theor another, to organize group activities by certain rules and monitor their implementation.In other words, the leader - a man who listens to the majority who makes decisions and is responsible for their results.
As leaders appear in a variety of composition, the nature of the participants and the activities of the group, then the leaders can be very different, both in form and in content.Leaders may be different for a variety of parameters.So, you'll find most of the division leaders leadership style, leadership style - anarchic, democratic, authoritarian.Also, the leaders are divided into formal (in terms of formal groups and occupied positions in it) and informal (or in informal groups, or in a formal group, but without the corresponding positions).And here it is necessary to emphasize that the concept of "leader" and "manager" are close in value, but not synonymous, there are no leaders of leaders and managers not leaders.You can lead the classification in other areas: the nature of the activities (universal, that is a permanent or situational leader), the content of the activities (a leader who inspires and guides the leader who submits an example of the case) and so on.Also recently it is gaining popularity, especially among the business community, situational leadership theory, according to which there are two equal and in different situations equally effective models of leadership: leaders aimed at achieving this goal and the leaders focused on building and maintaining optimal relationships in the group.
determine the order, who is a leader, that is something to strive for, povernёm conversation toward what needs to be a leader, what are the qualities that distinguish a person from the group and bring him status as a leader.One can argue which of these qualities are more important and which less, but the result will not be because it turns out that they are all equally important.Therefore, in any order, and not according to some hierarchy briefly list these attributes, without which the leader is not a leader:
- ability to aim from this largely depends on the success and the leader of his group, because you can set a goal toosimple, the achievement of which will not bring the group and its leader, the special dividend, and you can aim a blow at something quite unrealistic and futile attempts to get a star from the sky, in the end, the collapse of the team;
- intellectual ability, education: not only that the leader has to be smart, it should not stop in its development, because the high intellectual and educational status - one of the main conditions of high authority;
- ability to make decisions and take responsibility for them: give instructions to command and can all but decide in a situation where a lot of this decision depends, it is the sign of a true leader.However, it is equally important ability to take responsibility and the ability to carry this responsibility, and in case of failure and age-old question "Who is guilty?" Do not throw up your hands, and honestly say, "I'm the leader here, so my fault";
- ability to admit mistakes: it is difficult for everyone, but for the leader of this vital quality - if it is not necessarily shifting them on someone's shoulders, which ultimately undermines any leader;
- organizational and communication skills without this man can not be a leader, because in order to unite a group around him and lead it, you, first, by communicating with the majority of team members to enlist their support, and secondly, to organize themactivity arrange for items to formulate a common goal and specific tasks, that is to show the talent of the organizer;
- combination of confidence and steadiness: Ideally, these two qualities have to be sides of a coin, to leadership skills and ability to insist on his not interfere with the ability to soberly assess the situation and not to cut straight from the shoulder.
Education a leader
All these qualities are great, but most people who try them for yourself honestly saythat maybe some of them are inherent, but to the whole set at once ... But, as psychologists say, the quality is not there a genetic way to educate them in man a vital necessity.And in this way the first and most important step - to objectively evaluate yourself, go through the list of his qualities and determine exactly what is missing in order to become a leader.When you have a specific purpose, for example, to develop communication skills, organizational skills to raise the level of education, and not vague ephemeral dreams, "Oh, I would be a leader ..." progress is a thousand times faster.
This will be very useful not to rely only on themselves, but also to ask family and friends what qualities are present in itself and which are absent - by the fact visible.Then, no less important and complicated matter - believe that the way to become a leader of self and self-control can be.No serious business (and the change in itself is a very serious matter) will not succeed if it is to start without the belief in the reality of the ultimate goal.However, it needs to be and more realistic and be aware that it is impossible to become a leader, visiting one of the most actively advertised pseudopsychological training, which organizers promise this week to blind you from the leader pomastitee Churchill, Napoleon and Caesar combined.This process will be long and difficult.However, first of all, you need to think about that, varying in terms of acquisition of leadership skills, while remaining himself and not to sacrifice to achieving leadership in a particular field of everything else.
Finally, you need to constantly train the leadership qualities that are already present or just to cultivate, you have to check and educate their practice.After all, these qualities are leadership because realized in deeds and not just remain a theoretical possibility.So do not hesitate and mark for himself the successes that happen on the way to the present leadership.For any road by just walking.