Mental Disorders - a violation on the part of the brain, which deprives a person of the ability to properly understand and assess their actions and to behave in a given situation.This can lead to the patient so wrong actions, which on one hand represent a public danger, and the other rule legally responsible for his actions.
Insanity - is a legal concept that refers to a painful condition of the person at the time of committing an unlawful act, which does not allow to put the (imputed), he is accused of the act.
In accordance with existing legislation responsible for the commission of a crime can be a person who is responsible.The law has a clause stating that a person who at the time the crime was committed in a state of diminished responsibility, that is, could not be aware of his actions or was not able to lead them as a result of a mental disorder, is not subject to criminal liability.The man declared insane, is not subject to criminal liability to him by the court can
question of sanity or insanity of a person forensic psychiatrists decided by the court.The variety of different symptoms and severity of mental disorders made it necessary to use two criteria for insanity - medical and legal.
medical criterion of diminished responsibility
medical criterion of diminished responsibility - a list of mental illnesses Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help? , which are divided into 4 groups: chronic mental illness, temporary mental disorder activity, dementia, and other disease states.
- group of chronic mental illness consists of a continuously flowing or recurrent (in the form of recurring seizures) progressive mental illnesses that cause deep and persistent personality changes.This group of diseases include schizophrenia Schizophrenia - to blame civilization , senile dementia, senile psychoses, and others.
- to a temporary mental disorder include acute mental illness, ending recovery.This alcoholic psychosis, reactive psychosis (occurring in response to some external stimulus), symptomatic psychosis (psychosis is one of the signs of a disease, such as jaundice), and so on.
- group of patients with dementia brings together all cases of different origin states reduce persistent intelligence, particularly the level of judgment and criticism.This group includes patients with reduced ability or inability to adapt to society.
- group of other disease states including cases of non-mental illness, but there are certain violations of mental activity - psychopathy (deformities of character), mental infantilism (immature) and some cases of deaf-mutism.
task forensic psychiatrist - the correct diagnosis.But the diagnosis itself does not solve the question of sanity.Most mental illnesses are manifested variety of symptoms - from mild, not disturbing public life, to very severe, leading to disability.This wide range in the manifestations of mental disorders are, for example, in epilepsy Epilepsy - a sacred disease , psychiatric disorders and traumatic vascular origin, after suffering encephalitis, with mental retardation.
legal criterion insanity
Actually forensic psychiatric assessment, based on certain severity of painful mental disorders identified Mental Disorders - when life is not a pleasant , allowed by a legal test of insanity, which is described inAct as "the inability to be aware of their actions and guide them."Legal criterion characterizes a degree of severity of the disease, which excludes sanity.
legal criterion includes two features: intellectual (the inability to realize their actions) and volitional (inability to control his actions), which provide a more complete characterization of a comprehensive mental disorders identified the person who carried out the examination.Legal criterion - a common definition, the generalized characteristic of mental disorders in terms of their severity, which excludes sanity or, on the contrary, diminished responsibility.
application of the legal test is carried out by analyzing the mental disorders (after diagnosis) and is the responsibility of mental health experts.The final decision on sanity - insanity belongs to the court.