Forensic psychiatric examination - a difficult and responsible job
in Russia for the first time on the non-responsibility for the murder of the mentally ill and the inability to attract them as witnesses mentioned in the mid-17th century.In the 19th century Russia developed the scientific basis of psychiatric examination, the criteria for insanity, and so on.But for the first time the position of the forensic psychiatric examination in the country was approved in 1919.
What is a forensic psychiatric examination
Forensic psychiatric examination - a survey of psychiatric experts untried persons or persons in custody in the event of doubt as to their mental health.The findings are in the nature of independent examination of forensic evidence.Appointed such expertise in criminal and civil proceedings, when there is a need for a special psychiatric examination of the defendant, witness, victim, civil plaintiff or defendant.
In a criminal case examination is appointed to determine the mental condition of the accused (suspect, witness, victim) if there are doubts about his sanity, or the ability to be aware of their actions (insanity - it is the mental state of a person during the commission of a crime, which does not allowthe act imputed to him the blame).The examination also provides an opinion on the need for compulsory medical measures to persons in conflict with the law.
In civil proceedings examination is carried out to establish the mental state of the person in respect of which addressed the issue of its capacity (ie ability to exercise their civil rights), and (if necessary) to determine the mental state of others involved in the process.
tasks and procedure of
forensic psychiatric examination is one of the most complex and important sections of psychiatry.Its tasks include diagnosis of mental disorder and its evaluation, ie determining the depth of (severe) disorders in relation to the criteria contained in the law of insanity, disability and so on.
procedure for appointment and examination is regulated by the Russian legislation, including the Law of the Russian Federation of July 2, 1992 N 3185-I «On psychiatric care and guarantees of citizens' rights in its provision."Forensic psychiatric expert can only be a psychiatrist.For the examination at the mental hospital established forensic expert commission.
psychiatric expert legal rights provided by law for comprehensive, complete and objective expert study, including familiarity with the case materials, and (if necessary) participation in the interrogation of suspects.
Types of forensic psychiatric examination
Depending on the conditions in which the examination is being conducted, there are several types of it: outpatient, in the investigator's office, at the hearing, stationary, correspondence.
Distance expertise is based on a criminal or civil case, if the defendant is absent for any reason (or died).Outpatient examination is carried out at a mental hospital, where there is a special expert committee.
for stationary examination in psychiatric hospitals organized special protected branch or ward.In the most difficult cases, the examination is carried out in the State Research Center for Social and Forensic Psychiatry.VP Serbsky (Moscow).When the behavior of expertise applied all accepted methods of diagnosis in psychiatry, and, if necessary, and the treatment is carried out.Term stationary inspection should not exceed one month.If this deadline will be enough for the examination at the request of the commission of forensic investigative agencies it is renewed.
results of forensic psychiatric examinations are issued in the form of imprisonment.The structure of this document is defined by law.The conclusion is: an introduction (justification for the examination), information about a past life, this disease, a complete description of the state of the person who carried out the examination, and the final part containing conclusions of the experts and their justification.
experts' conclusions are categorically allegedly not allowed to enter into.The conclusion should be clear, not only for doctors, but also for non-specialists in the field of psychiatry.It is signed by all members of the commission, and in case of differences of opinion every psychiatrist is a separate opinion.Expert opinion
estimated body appoint examination, and the court to which it is a recommendation.