that smoking - harmful, they know everything already in middle age many are trying to get rid of this habit.But, as it turns out, it is not so simple: Smoking is not just highly desirable, it becomes literally vital, like a breath of air.Why is there such a craving for cigarettes, and what about those who want to quit smoking?
How is the nicotine addiction
Any dependencies are formed on the same principle.All substances capable of causing addiction, has psychoactive properties.For example, the person calms down after cigarette, feels a surge of energy and good mood.Initially, people just want to repeat this pleasant effect, but eventually he realizes that without a cigarette to him as if something is missing, there is a strong craving to smoke - a psychological dependence.And then quietly it turns out that if you want to quit smoking, the body that actively resists: have discomfort, nausea, weakness, irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood , insomnia, hand tremors, and so
mechanism of action of nicotine patches
Nicotine patches contain nicotine, which enters the body through the skin and relieves the state of abstinence.Gradually reduced and mental craving for cigarettes (the desire to smoke).It is on this principle mechanism of action of nicotine substitutes, which are issued in the form of patches, gum and so on.But in order to really help a patch to quit smoking, a person must first of all he want it and work actively in this direction.
in Russian pharmacies are sold patch "Nicorette" pharmaceutical company Pfizer Heath AB (Sweden), designed for 16-hour action.Available adhesives with a dosage of 15, 10 and 5 mg.When using the nicotine patch person can afford slowly, without any discomfort, reduce the number of cigarettes smoked per day.And as the night people usually do not smoke, the duration of the patch "Nicorette" 16 hours, it is intended that the remaining 8 man hours to sleep.With the patch, you can simply reduce the number of cigarettes smoked, without giving up smoking completely.It will also benefit.
bulk of nicotine passes from the patch to the skin, where the blood is drawn.The remaining small portion (about 5%) is gradually evaporates.The maximum concentration of nicotine in the blood appears in 6-10 hours.Displayed nicotine through the liver (with the feces), kidney (urine) and light (moisture exhaled air).Nicotine is almost bound to plasma proteins, therefore, does not interact with other drugs and has no effect on the course of various diseases.
If abnormal liver function and kidney concentration of nicotine in the blood plasma increases.A slight decrease in nicotine in the urine excretion also observed in the elderly.
When using patch over 16 hours the concentration of nicotine in the next 8:00 decreases.
Indications and contraindications for use
indication for the use of the nicotine patch are:
- treatment of tobacco dependence in patients who wish to stop smoking by reducing the need for nicotine;Removing withdrawal occurs when quitting smoking;
- decrease in the number of cigarettes smoked per day.
Contraindications to the use of the nicotine patch - Hypersensitivity to nicotine or other components of the patch and breastfeeding Breastfeeding: Breast - and no nails! child.
with caution and only after consulting with your doctor nicotine patch used in severe diseases of internal organs, especially in diseases of the cardiovascular system, disorders of the liver and kidneys, with acute gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
adhesive used during pregnancy only with a doctor's permission.Thus it is necessary to know that there is a risk of negative effects of nicotine on the fetus, but it is much less than the harm caused by smoking mother to the fetus.
Side effects of nicotine patch
nicotine patches can cause the following side effects:
- of the central nervous system - dizziness Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet , headache;
- from the cardiovascular system - heart rate, heart rhythm disorders;
- the part of the digestive system - nausea, vomiting;
- of the skin - redness, itching, hives.
In overdose all the side effects worse.It should immediately remove the patch.
How to apply
Treatment starts with 15 mg patch that is applied to intact skin in the morning and removed at night before bedtime Dreams: how to understand our dreams .The treatment is different, but is usually at least three months, then switch to the patches 10 mg (2-3 weeks), followed by 5 mg (as 2-3 weeks).More than six months to apply patches is not recommended.
nicotine patches - good help to those who really decided to quit.