Mental disorders are not necessarily accompanied by only a mental illness.Often they occur against a background of any other disease and even in healthy people.At the same time, early signs of mental disorders can be manifestations of latent mental illness Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help? .Understand this can only be a psychiatrist.
sensation and perception
small child acquainted with the surrounding world with the help of sensations: it touches the subject sees it, is tasting.Gradually, the child begins to learn the subject - which means that all the sensations came together and reflected in the brain, a process called perception.Perception - is a complex process, which includes not only objects, but also the action, judgment, experience, and memory.Having the experience of sensations and perceptions, the child learns more: analyzes and synthesis of sensations.Feelings can be external (a person sees, hears, touches something) or internal, such as sensations emanating from the
Disorders sensations and perceptions
Disorders sensations and perceptions can manifest as delusions, hallucinations and psychosensory disorders.Feelings can be violated in some diseases of the nervous system diseases of the nervous system - basic classification , when a brain that is not received or other information or disorder in the brain does not allow for analysis and synthesis of sensations, combining them in perception and recognition.When mental illness sensation and perception can occur in the brain regardless of whether they are in reality.
illusions - this is a false perception of actual objects or phenomena.For example, the shadow on the wall is perceived as a ghost.Hallucinations - this is what is actually there, but the person perceives it as reality.
What psychosensory disorders and types
psychosensory disorder - a violation of the perception of the size and shape of an object or its parts.Psychosensory can manifest as:
- violation perception size of the object (metamorphopsia) These include those in which the objects appear very large (macropsia) or small (micropsia);
- violations value of the surrounding area (porropsii), all objects seem either very remote or approximate;
- displacement of objects relative to the vertical or horizontal axis (dismegalopsii).
psychosensory disorders can occur both individually and in various combinations.
What signs are often combined with psychosensory disorders
psychosensory disorders often appear concurrently with other mental disorder: disorders of body schema, the phenomena of derealization and depersonolizatsii.
scheme of the body - is a complex image of their own body and its parts, which is formed in the brain based on feelings and perceptions.Violations of the body schema neurological disorders are usually associated with some processes in the brain.They may take the form of violations of the recognition of the fingers, violation of orientation in the left and right sides of the illusory existence of extra limbs, etc.When mental illness (such as schizophrenia) can appear distorted sense of shape, size and weight.Disorders of the body schema to be distinguished from psychosensory disorders - the difference is that when there is a change psychosensory disorders surrounding objects, not the body.
Depersonolizatsiya - a disorder of consciousness with the subjective feeling of alienation of the self.This condition is usually unaware of the patients and difficult experience.It is difficult to describe what they feel at the same time, their whole life is like a dream Dreams: how to understand our dreams , all the actions and movements are performed automatically, in severe cases there is complete loss of their own "I".
Derealization - a disorder of consciousness, which is expressed in a sense of unreality and strangeness sick world around him: all the surrounding objects and people are perceived as unreal, non-existent, ghost or strange, artificial, lost prominence.Voices and sounds are also becoming unreal, barely distinguishable.
Which diseases can arise psychosensory disorder
psychosensory disorder can occur in various diseases of the central nervous system, for example after head injuries, brain tumors, and so on.In addition, psychosensory disorder may be a sign of mental illness such as schizophrenia or manic-depressive illness Manic-depressive illness - which are the most dangerous phase? .
psychosensory disorders Treatment depends on the cause of the caller.Neurological disorders are treated by neurologists and neurosurgeons (if there is a need for surgery), and mental disorders - psychiatry.
psychosensory appearance of disorder must necessarily be a cause for consulting a doctor.