Adnexitis, or inflammation of the appendages, an inflammatory disease that affects the ovaries and fallopian tubes.Separately, an inflammation of the fallopian tubes called salfingit, and inflammation of the ovaries - oophoritis.
What causes adneksit
Adnexitis can cause a variety of microorganisms, such as chlamydia, mycoplasma, ureaplasma, enterococci, gonococci, streptococci.Most often the disease develops after abortion, childbirth, after the installation of an intrauterine device;bacterial pathogens are also transmitted through sexual contact.
Infections falling on the vaginal mucosa, penetrate into the fallopian tubes and ovaries.As a result of inflammation of the broken connection between the uterus and the ovaries, which in the worst case can lead to infertility.However, not all women have the infection leads to inflammation of the appendages.To the disease began to develop, we need certain prerequisites, such as the presence of other inflammatory diseases, violation of rules of h
When adnexitis, many women complain of pain in the lower abdomen, localized to the left or right, and unusual vaginal discharge.In some patients, adnexitis temperature rises - as happens with the acute form of the disease.
Without timely treatment adnexitis flows into the chronic form, which is characterized by a fairly regular and frequent exacerbations.A common symptom is chronic adnexitis menstrual cycle - it is found in more than half of patients with this diagnosis.Patients adnexitis women meet and symptoms such as severe pain during menstruation, sleep disorders Dreams: how to understand our dreams , irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood , impaired performance, and pain during sexcontact, which inevitably leads to a decrease in libido and related psychological problems.
When to see a doctor immediately after the onset of symptoms of acute adnexitis, the likelihood of a full recovery will be quite large.
After studying history and conversations with the patient doctor conducts a pelvic examination, which will determine the location of the pain.Although the procedure inspection at adnexitis can be very painful for the patient, it is necessary to ensure that the physician can make preliminary assumptions about the diagnosis.
During the survey sample is taken for analysis of vaginal discharge.Sometimes to confirm or refute the diagnosis also requires a blood test.If you suspect a urinary tract infection do a urine test, and sometimes a pregnancy test - if the doctor suggests that the pain may be caused by an ectopic pregnancy.In some cases, laparoscopy is performed to rule out conditions such as appendicitis and ectopic pregnancy Ectopic pregnancy - Fatal dangerous .
In most cases, used for the treatment of antibiotics and painkillers;sometimes assigned bed rest.Since adnexitis may be caused by more than one kind of microorganisms, sometimes assigned to receive multiple antibiotics.Partners are also encouraged patients adnexitis get tested and undergo the necessary treatment.
to treat certain complications adneksita used surgical treatments, such as drainage of abscess or removal of damaged fallopian tubes, if the disease can not be cured with antibiotics.In rare and very complex cases also requires the removal of the uterus and ovaries.
prognosis for patients depends on how soon they go to a doctor.However, sometimes it adneksit untreatable and this leads to constant back pain, frequent and very heavy menstrual bleeding and pain during intercourse.Pretty good chance of infertility.Fallopian tubes may be blocked with scar tissue, causing the egg can not fall from the ovaries to the uterus.Many women are not aware of this until until consult a physician after a long and fruitless attempts to get pregnant.