- Menstrual disorders - what you need to pay attention in the first place?
Menstrual disorders may be caused by a variety of reasons, including hormonal imbalances, infections (diseases, sexually transmitted diseases and other infections), malignancies (cancer of the cervix, uterus or vagina), injury and taking certain medications.Treatment of menstrual disorders is assigned to the characteristics of each individual case, the main cause of disorder, severity of symptoms, and the presence of any complications.
most common types of menstrual disorders:
- amenorrhea (absence of menstrual periods after the age of 16 years, or termination of menses for three months or more, in the absence of pregnancy).
- dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation).
- menorrhagia (extremely heavy bleeding during menstruation).
- oligomenorrhea (menstrual bleeding time in 35 days or less, that is, less than 10 menstrual cycles per year).
- polimenoreya (menstrual bleeding occurring at least 21 days after the previous month, that is, more than 12 menstrual cycles per year).
- smearing bleeding (weak irregular vaginal bleeding in the intervals between periods).
Sometimes menstrual disorders caused by serious, even life-threatening conditions such as cancer of the uterus.Although such dangerous diseases are relatively rare, in any menstrual irregularities as soon as possible go to the doctor.Early diagnosis and treatment can help avoid various complications, including such as infertility and metastatic cancer of the uterus.
Symptoms The main symptoms of menstrual disorders, and may be accompanied by other symptoms, depending on the underlying cause of the violation.For example, if the cause of menstrual disorders is an infection of the pelvic organs, additional symptoms may be fever, and pain during sexual intercourse.
Other symptoms that may accompany menstrual disorders:
- burning sensation when urinating;
- difficulty with the onset of pregnancy, or infertility;
- Increased body temperature;
- Pain in the lower back;
- nausea and vomiting;
- Pain during bowel movements;
- pain or cramping in the pelvis or abdomen;
- symptoms of perimenopause or menopause, such as hot flashes, headaches, mood swings Mood swings in women - bad character or a disease? , heart palpitations, forgetfulness and difficulty sleeping Dreams: how to understand our dreams ;
- unusual vaginal discharge whole truth about vaginal secretions .
In some cases, menstrual disorders can be caused by serious or life-threatening conditions such as severe anemia, pelvic inflammatory disease, or cancer of the uterus.Seek emergency medical attention if there are any of the following symptoms:
- Severe pain in the pelvic or abdominal pain;
- Very heavy bleeding during menstruation;
- Vaginal bleeding after menopause;
- dizziness and / or feeling of weakness;
- body temperature above 38.8S.
Causes of menstrual disorders
Menstrual disorders may be associated with the normal stages of development of an organism, such as puberty Puberty child - stages of a complex path or perimenopause.In this disorder, they tend to be moderate, and not a particularly strong cause discomfort.The greatest inconvenience deliver menstrual disorders caused by the following violations:
- extremely low level of fat that may be associated with malnutrition, very intense exertion, or eating disorders;
- Polycystic ovary syndrome;
- diseases, sexually transmitted infections and pelvic inflammatory disease;
- Uterine fibroids or uterine polyps;
- Cancer of the uterus, vagina, cervix and ovaries.
Possible complications of menstrual disorders
Complications of menstrual cycle and caused their illnesses can be:
- anemia - due to massive blood loss;
- Chronic pain in the lower abdomen;
- Ectopic pregnancy;
- metastatic cancer, which can lead to death;
- formation of scar tissue in the fallopian tubes.