Many women are faced with the fact that after pregnancy they continued slight bleeding, which is popularly known as menstrual.What is the cause of the bleeding?Any obstetrician will tell you that the causes of this phenomenon can be very diverse: from harmless, do not disturb the course of pregnancy, to have serious consequences.
woman's menstrual cycle - the mechanism of procreation
woman's menstrual cycle lasts for three to five weeks, beginning with the first day of menstruation.From the first day until the middle of the menstrual cycle in women, a large amount of estrogen that contribute to the maturation of the egg in the ovary and an increase in the mucous membrane of the uterus, where the fertilized egg must implement.In mid-cycle ovulation occurs Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible? - rupture of the follicle (the bubble in which mature egg) and the release of an egg into the abdominal cavity, and then into the fallopian tube to meet with sperm.
If fertilization occurred, the egg implants into the prepared endometrium and begins to grow - become pregnant (at this point in a woman's body a large number of other female sex hormone - progesterone, which is produced by the corpus luteum, formed on the site of the ruptured follicle).
If fertilization does not come, then during the second half of the menstrual cycle, the corpus luteum dries out and stops producing progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology .Without this support the lining of the uterus begins rejected and bleeding.
«Washing fetal blood»
During the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, the fertilized egg does not take the entire uterus.During the consolidation of the ovum in the uterine wall mucosa may be partially disrupted that causes bleeding Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology , which periodically can continue as long as the fertilized egg does not take the entire uterus.
With this "menstrual" bleeding are small, brown, brown or red.Pass alone, sometimes accompanied by a slight pain.
This condition does not require special treatment, popularly referred to as "the washing of the blood of the fetus."But to understand the situation and to exclude more serious causes of bleeding can be a doctor.It is clear that the bleeding with menstruation have nothing in common.In order to make sure that the fertilized egg is not affected, it carried ultrasound.
other "harmless" bleeding
Bleeding may occur in violation of the integrity of the mucous membrane of the vagina and cervix, such as cervical erosion or polyps of the cervical canal.This helps blood flow to the female genital organs during pregnancy.Violation of the integrity of the mucosa may also occur during sexual intercourse.We should not forget that the "harmless" at first glance, bleeding can be caused by a malignant tumor growing.In any case, after the required examination of women in the antenatal clinic to be given the necessary help.
Extreme first half of pregnancy
in antenatal women always explain fundamental truth: any bleeding during pregnancy requires careful examination.What emergencies can happen?In the first half of pregnancy are two such situations: ectopic pregnancy Ectopic pregnancy - Fatal dangerous and spontaneous miscarriage.
Ectopic pregnancy - a condition where the fertilized egg develops, for example, in the fallopian tube.The egg grows, stretches and then breaks the wall of the pipe.First, a woman may be small spotting, then - pulling pain in the abdomen on the parties concerned.When you break the pipe there is a strong pain and internal bleeding, which is accompanied by a sharp decrease in blood pressure, dizziness and loss of consciousness.Signs of ectopic pregnancy every woman should know, since in these cases, as soon as possible to call an ambulance and go to the hospital: save only surgery.
cause of early miscarriage is most often the lack of progesterone.This initially appears a little spotting and mild abdominal pain (which women often do not pay attention), and then - sharp cramping and spontaneous miscarriage, which can be accompanied by heavy bleeding.Such women also requires urgent surgical care.
menses during pregnancy is not any, even the most insignificant spotting should be a cause for seeking medical attention.