The 12th week of pregnancy: the end of the first trimester


12 weeks of pregnancy fruit growing and becoming more and more like a little man.He develops the muscular system, it starts to move actively.Of course, the child is still very small, but all the organs and systems had been working as it should.This week ends with the formation of the placenta, and most women feel relief - metabolism improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting fetus improving, signs of toxicosis go.

how to deal with the pregnancy a woman's body

condition of pregnant women every day getting better - makes itself felt almost fully formed placenta, which clears the body of the baby products of metabolism.Finally, there comes a time when a woman should do: take care of their food, walk more and enjoy the state of pregnancy.It's time to relax after the birth of his will not be at all, because all the time will be devoted to the baby.

Do not forget at this time about his weight, because if a woman pick up the extra weight in the first trimester of pregnancy, in the second and third trimester is sure to affect her health.

women have increased blood volume as well as blood supplies nutrients and oxygen to the body two - mother and child.It starts slowly affect the condition of the veins, especially if a woman is not enough moves a lot.Dilate the veins of the lower extremities, it is manifested in the appearance of blue convoluted capillaries in the skin of legs and thighs.There may be the first signs of hemorrhoids, especially if the pregnancy is accompanied by constant constipation.With these phenomena should be fought: to move more (especially harmful for a long time to stand up or sit), after a walk to give the feet rest, putting them in a slightly elevated position, do cool baths with herbal extracts (chamomile, St. John's wort).

particular importance is the fight against constipation.To do this, you need to eat more fiber (vegetables, fruits, cereals), at night to drink a glass of fresh yogurt (kefir if Yogurt: benefits and harms drink centenarians Yogurt: benefits and harms drink centenarians more than a day, he attaches), have dried plums and figs.

To prevent constipation and stagnation of blood in the lower extremities is very important physiotherapy.There are special exercises to prevent the emergence of all these unpleasant phenomena.But do any physical exercise Myths about exercise: do not believe Myths about exercise: do not believe needed only on prescription, as some of them provoke the contractile ability of the muscle of the uterus.

By the end of the twelfth week is already possible to go to the dentist as safe for the fetus comes time for various procedures: after the 12th week of pregnancy can even take some (designated by a doctor) tablets.If a woman has a carious teeth or gum disease, they should be treated, because it is a permanent source of infection that can affect the growth and development of the child.

Due to the fact that immunity decreases, the mucous membrane of the mouth and teeth need special care.Teeth during pregnancy especially prone to caries, because they lose calcium, which is to build the fetal tissues.Therefore, the correct daily oral care is important, because if the teeth will not be flying, then caries (ie, the source of infection) will not be the same.

hormonal changes often cause inflammation and increased bleeding gums How to prevent bleeding gums: important rules How to prevent bleeding gums: important rules .This so-called pregnancy gingivitis.With proper oral care it is not terrible, and after the birth takes place.If pregnancy gingivitis can rinse your mouth after each meal food infusion of chamomile, oak bark, calendula and so on.

Oral Care - a mouthwash after every meal, brushing teeth twice a day, early treatment of caries, limit sugary foods reception.

Fetal development during the twelfth week of pregnancy

twelve weeks - it's the end of the first trimester, by which time the fetus reaches a length of 9 cm, weight - 20 g Almost half the length of the fetus head, all body parts well differentiated.By this time it is possible to determine the sex of the fetus (but ultrasound is usually possible to see at the 16th week of pregnancy).His skeletal system appear points of ossification.

By the end of the twelfth week of fetal organs is almost completely formed.Good work cardiovascular and urinary system, the liver produces bile, which enters the intestine and promotes the recycling of food (because a child swallows amniotic fluid), the development of sexual organs.The baby's face is increasingly becoming like a person's face: it has eyes, covered with lids, nose, mouth, lips, ears.

At the twelfth week, an ultrasound examination of the fetus, during which you can identify multiple pregnancy and various developmental defects of the fetus.During the ultrasound determined: appropriate size and overall development of the fetal gestational age, heart rate and the right balance of various body parts and organs.

At this stage of pregnancy, you can completely eliminate the gross fetal malformations ("ugliness"): no brain, no deformation or limb deformity of the spine and so on.

In addition to the study of the placenta of the fetus is produced, amniotic fluid, fetal membranes, the walls of the uterus (the presence of tumor, nodes), cervical cancer, ovarian cancer.

So, from the twelfth week ends the first trimester of pregnancy and begin the second trimester - the most quiet time for the woman and child.

Galina Romanenko