The 11th week of pregnancy: health improving
At the eleventh week of pregnancy, the baby's body length of about four centimeters.His hands will soon be decompress and contract cams inside the gums begin to develop future teeth, and some are beginning to harden.He had kicked and stretched - his movements are so light that they can be compared with the ballet in the water.Mom-this, of course, does not feel, because the child is still very small.It will move increasingly to the extent that his body will become more developed and functional.From time to time the baby hiccups - is associated with the development of the diaphragm.
Most women in this period feel more energetic as nausea begins to weaken.(However, some women suffer from severe bouts of nausea during pregnancy, as well as others do not face this problem).
constipation and heartburn are also typical for pregnant women.Certain hormones, such as progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology , slow digestion, to the growing child time to get the nutrients you need - that's why there are locks.Heartburn is caused by the fact that one of the hormones of pregnancy - relaxin - relaxes the valve located between the stomach and esophagus that normally prevents gastric juices up the esophagus.Take laxatives can only be an urgent need, and only on prescription.
Do not worry if nausea still prevents you eat a varied and healthy diet.At the end of the first and beginning of the second trimester your appetite not only come back, but will become more normal and you start to gain 400-500 g per week.
end of the first trimester of pregnancy - a very important stage in the development of the child, and very dangerous, because of the increased risk miscarriage Miscarriage - whether it can be insured? - in most cases they occur before the twelfth week of pregnancy.Symptoms begin to abortion may be:
- Vaginal bleeding or discharge with blood.
- Severe pain in the lower abdomen.
- Severe, prolonged vomiting.
- Increased body temperature above 38.3 C.
- dizziness, fainting, palpitations, increased heart rate.
- Shortness of breath.
When these and other alarming symptoms as soon as possible, consult a doctor.
If you have not seriously engaged in nutrition during pregnancy, now is the time to do it.The main recommendations for the nutrition of pregnant women: eat what you want especially at this time (assuming that the body itself tells you what it needs, causing cravings for certain foods), do not overeat and eat healthy foods.Under the last paragraph should be understood: how to eat more vegetables, fruits, legumes, lean meat, fish, dairy products.
fish is recommended to eat no less than twice a week, because it contains omega-3, essential for the development of the eye and brain of the child.However, many experts recommend avoiding raw fish - including raw and smoked fish, as it may be dangerous to the health of live bacteria child.The same goes for meat with the blood, soft-boiled eggs and dairy products, prepared their unpasteurized milk.
You probably already know that alcohol should be completely excluded from the diet during pregnancy.He quickly enters the bloodstream and the child's even one glass of wine a day increases the risk of various disorders in children.
Caffeine in small amounts (one or two small cups of coffee a day) does not harm the child.However, remember that caffeine is also found in chocolate and tea, so that exceed the permissible dose is pretty easy.
What happens to a woman's body at the eleventh week of pregnancy
pregnancy develops, the woman gains weight, rounded, it is beautiful.If skin care, hair and nails correct, they retain an attractive appearance, but if not, then fade hair, and nails become brittle.This suggests that the child takes the mother's vitamins and minerals.
organs and systems baby grow rapidly, so a woman should eat right.Malnutrition threatens child intrauterine growth retardation, prematurity, impaired immunity (it is fraught with intrauterine infection), a variety of disorders of the brain.
The mother unhealthy diet can lead to miscarriages, various complications during pregnancy and childbirth, the appearance of anemia, and the disease can not affect the baby, as in anemia little hemoglobin, which carries oxygen to the tissues - the child will suffer fromoxygen deficiency.
During pregnancy, a woman must get enough protein (dairy products, lean meats and fish, nuts), fats (butter, vegetable oils) and carbohydrates (vegetables, cereals).
Essential vitamins, which at the moment is not enough - it's vitamins A, E and Group B. However, these vitamins in the eleventh week of pregnancy to get better food, not pills.
Vitamin A and carotene (pro-vitamin A, found in plant foods, from his body produces vitamin A) found in the liver and kidneys of animals, milk and dairy products, eggs, butter, carrots, fish oil, spinach, carrots.Vitamin E - eggs, fish roe, liver, oil, cod-liver oil.B vitamins are found in liver, kidneys, cereals and legumes.In vegetables, fruits and berries rich in vitamin C - it strengthens the blood vessels, which is very important for a pregnant woman.
during pregnancy increases the need for some minerals, especially calcium (it is found in many tissues of the fetus, but mainly - the musculoskeletal system), his pregnant women need about 1 g per day (adult non-pregnant women about 800 mg).Sources of calcium are dairy products, pink salmon, cabbage, spinach.
exchange of calcium in the body is closely related to the exchange of phosphorus usually talk about calcium and phosphorus metabolism.The main function of phosphorus is associated with increasing and maintaining the integrity of bone and teeth.The demand for phosphorus pregnant women - 1.5 grams a day.Phosphorus is found in caviar sturgeon eggs yolks, hard cheeses, in beef liver, beans, oats and buckwheat, walnuts, pumpkin.
Minerals are necessary for hair strengthening Strengthen hair - how to protect themselves from the negative effects? and nails, especially of great importance for this silicon, which is found in seafood, potatoes, beets.
body of a pregnant woman must also iron - a material for the formation of hemoglobin in red blood cells.It is with the red blood cells in the tissue of the mother and the fetus receives oxygen, which is essential to the development of human cells.
What happens at the eleventh week of pregnancy with a baby
Height and weight of the child increases, they are, respectively, 7 and 15 cm Golovko still a big, muscular and skeletal systems continue to evolve, the child moves the head.Four-chambered heart is working almost at full capacity, delivering to the organs and tissues of the child the nutrients and oxygen.
Kid leads an active lifestyle, it moves (and its movements become increasingly chaotic, acquire some fluency), moving arms and legs, squeezes hands in fists, which has seen five fingers without membranes.On the fingers begin to form nogotochki hands and toes are not yet fully developed.He swallowed more amniotic fluid, closing and opening the mouth, and it brings him good, because in the amniotic fluid contains a lot of protein.
developing nervous system, and with it come the first reflexes - sucking (draws amniotic fluid), swallowing (swallowing amniotic fluid) and grasping (open and close hands).Neuro-psychological development of the child is progressing so much that he has a facial expression that defines the different facial expressions.
are developing respiratory (bronchi and lungs), digestive (intestine collected in the loop formed by the rectum), urinary (kidney and urinary tract), genitals (but still hardly see, everything happens inside the body) senses.Developing skeletal system and milk teeth Milk teeth - how they are formed? .
At the eleventh week of pregnancy, a woman should spend more time in the open air and better in motion, because it is nothing limits: the stomach is very small, there is shortness of breath.
Proper nutrition, an active lifestyle and enough rest - these are the basic rules that must comply with the pregnant woman.