In vitro fertilization - as the selling procedure
What if the birth of a child prevents the female or male infertility?It turns out that in our time might make her own child in almost any form of infertility.What exactly have to do, you tell a gynecologist after careful thorough examination of both spouses.Female infertility may be a primary (if a woman has never been pregnant) and secondary (if you already had at least one pregnancy).The most common cause of secondary infertility reasons for secondary infertility - that affect fertility potential of women a first abortion.
Female infertility can occur for different reasons, the most common are: violation of the hormone the brain or the ovaries, early menopause (40-45 years), polycystic ovary syndrome, impaired patency of the cervical canal (cervical mucus is too thick and not spermcan overcome this obstacle, sometimes it happens in the erosion of the cervix), fallopian tubes (inflammation, congenital anomaly), scars on the surface of the ovary (the effects of infections and operations), the follicle ruptures and the egg does not remain in the ovary (the most common cause of unexplained infertility), violation of the structure of the uterus (congenital abnormalities, diseases with the growth of tissue, such as fibroids, endometriosis Endometriosis - a serious problem with serious consequences etc.), constant stress, which may cause menstrual irregularities and infertility.
Male infertility is also the primary (pregnancy does not occur either in one partner) and secondary (if there was at least one pregnancy).Male infertility may occur if impaired sperm motility, their development, the structure, the amount of semen released if there is an obstacle in the male genitals to promote sperm, difficulty with ejaculation, as well as varicose veins of the scrotum (varicocele).
vitro fertilization - a way out when persistent infertility
vitro fertilization (IVF) - a fertilization of the egg outside the woman's body.After fertilization the embryo (embryo) is transferred into the uterus.
indications for infertility treatment with IVF are:
- tubal infertility caused by the absence or obstruction of the fallopian tubes fallopian tubes - asymptomatic ;
- endocrine infertility including polycystic ovarian disease, in the absence of pregnancy within a year after the start of medical treatment;
- infertility caused by unknown reasons (after the test);
- male infertility (reduced sperm quality).
survey before the IVF procedure
before the IVF procedure is required to check the condition of the reproductive system of both women and men.For this purpose, laboratory diagnostic methods (determination of hormonal levels, identifying latent infections, the study of sperm), radiographic, ultrasonic methods, with which you can identify all the possible diseases and establish the cause of infertility.
What is IVF
IVF procedure begins with the preparation of the body of women: menstrual regulation is carried out so that the time of ovulation Ovulation - how to determine as accurately as possible? (for the purpose of egg retrieval) can be controlled.For this purpose drugs that inhibit the production of its own hormones of women.
next stage - the stimulation phase, during which stimulates the maturation of multiple eggs in the ovaries.Watching the maturation of the follicles is performed using ultrasound.This phase is necessary to obtain a large number of mature eggs, which increases the chance of fertilization.Stimulation is carried out hormones that are selected individually for each married couple, according to the survey results.
After maturation of oocytes is performed by means of a fence puncture (puncture) of the follicle, which is done under ultrasound guidance through the vagina.The future father at this time losing sperm, which is subjected to special treatment.Fertilization occurs by sperm in vitro: the egg and the sperm are incubated together for a few days.At this time conducted monitoring their division and selection of the most viable embryos.
Embryo transfer into the uterine cavity by a special catheter through the cervix to the second, third or fifth day after the follicle puncture is usually transferred to two (or more) embryo.If you then remain viable embryos, they are frozen and later used when the transferred embryos are not accustomed.
after embryo implantation in the uterine wall for two weeks is assigned a hormone that supports pregnancy (progesterone).Two weeks later, a woman gives blood on HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin - a hormone of pregnancy) to determine whether the pregnancy.If the pregnancy, it was observed up to the birth.
But sometimes it happens that some IVF procedures were negative - pregnancy has not occurred.In such cases there is even more delicate procedure - ICSI technique, which consists in the fact that a single sperm with the help of the finest micro-needle is injected into the egg.
If you have infertility, do not worry, in most cases, the persistent examination and treatment of a woman unable to become pregnant.