Pregnancy by week - following the development of the baby
- Pregnancy by week - following the development of the baby
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Pregnancy for every woman is a verycrucial period.It is especially difficult to describe the emotions Emotions and culture: how to decipher the emotional code , are experiencing both spouses in anticipation of the birth of the baby.To prevent a timely development of serious complications, it is necessary that a pregnant woman regularly visited the gynecologist at the antenatal clinic, and paid attention to any changes in their health status.The doctor will be able to assess how developing pregnancy by weeks, if necessary, appoint an additional examination and treatment.
What should I pay special attention to early pregnancy
Since the end of a woman's next menstrual period her body begins to prepare for the process of conception.If you take a reading from the first day, then at 14-16 day from the beginning of menstruation come complex physiological changes that will continue to contribute to the maturation of the egg and pregnancy.These days, equal to the first two weeks of pregnancy.After the process of fertilization ovum moves into the uterus and attached there in the wall of the uterus.This process is called implantation, and it largely determines the subsequent development of pregnancy.For pregnancy is a critical period, because only with a successful implantation of the pregnancy develops and progresses.
Usually at the end of the third week, the beginning of the fourth week, a woman can get confirmation of the pregnancy - urinary test will be conducted already positive.The first four weeks are the first two weeks of the life of the child and in this period its dimensions are just 2.5 mm.At an early embryonic period, the embryo is most susceptible to the adverse effects of unfavorable factors, so their impact on a woman's body should be minimal.For pregnant women, it is important to organize your diet to maximize received more nutrients to the developing fetus.From the moment when the fertilized egg implanted in the uterine wall, all of the nutrients the fetus receives through the circulatory system of the parent body.You do not need to overeat, you should eat "for two, not two."As much as possible should include eating fresh fruits, vegetables, taking into account individual tolerance, so as not to cause the symptoms of food allergy.
disadvantage in the embryo of a certain group of vitamins and minerals can lead to a breach of bookmarks separate organs and systems.During the fifth week of pregnancy are actively developing nervous system from the neural tube in the following sections formed the brain and spinal cord.On this term for a pregnant woman it is very important to take prophylactic folic acid, which is effective in preventing the development of various malformations.The recommended daily dose is 800 micrograms.Also in this term begins to be laid one of the most important glands of the body's thyroid thyroid gland - is responsible for your hormones .If the expectant mother stocks of iodine is insufficient, it can lead to spontaneous abortion, the formation of varying degrees of severity defects or abnormalities in the fetus.In some cases, the baby after birth may lag in mental development, which also relates to the consequences of iodine deficiency during pregnancy.
In some cases, during early pregnancy is complicated by the phenomena of toxicity.This occurs most often in the period of 6-9 weeks.A woman complains of nausea, intolerance to certain smells, foods that cause the appearance of her vomiting.It may change the general state of health, which is manifested excessive weakness, drowsiness, loss of appetite.In this situation, the most important thing is not to resort to self-medication, which is unacceptable for a pregnant woman, and in some cases even dangerous.
With symptoms of toxicity should be encouraged to eat food chilled in small portions.Good to eat little but often up to six times a day.More should eat fruit and drink juice.As much as possible you need to walk, to be in the fresh air and ventilate the room.If the appeal does not stop at the pregnant tend to progression, it is necessary to hospitalize pregnant and carry out a course of treatment in a specialized department of the maternity hospital.
fetal or early period in the development of the fetus is completed in eight weeks.Pregnancy proceeds safely, but can be complicated by the threat of interruption.If a pregnant woman complains about the appearance of pronounced pain in the lower back and abdomen, dark brown discharge brown discharge - what do they say? (they are called "smearing"), it is a clinical sign of the presence of complications and require medical assistance.No need to be engaged in treatment at home, you should listen to the doctor's recommendations about the need for hospital treatment in the event of the threat of termination.As a preventive measure you can take in this term of magnesium, which is an important mineral that regulates the process of transmission of neuromuscular excitation.Due to this tone of the uterus is not elevated, and thus, it is possible to prevent the risk of danger.Magnesium also improves emotional state.It ends the first trimester to the twelfth week.The fetus is developing and actively growing, while the woman is normal, fade signs of toxicity.By the end of the first trimester of pregnancy becomes noticeable growth of the uterus, the bottom of which can be determined above the vagina.
What changes occur with increasing duration
further development of the fetus leads to significant hormonal changes in the body of a pregnant woman.After the thirteenth week fetus begins to produce hormones, particularly testosterone.This is especially important for pregnant women who have pre-pregnancy hormonal balance has been broken, and against this background there was a conception.Depending on the available evidence the woman should be examined in order to determine the blood levels of hormones.At 13-14 weeks shall be blood tests for hormonal examination, appointed by hormonal therapy in case of deviations.
hormonal changes the body of a pregnant woman is a risk factor for metabolic disorders or metabolic disorders.Metabolism is experiencing increasing pressure, especially should pay attention to those pregnant women who are overweight.A woman should always keep in mind the rational approach to his diet and not overeat, as obesity contributes to the unfavorable course of pregnancy and childbirth.The fetus continues to develop, and continue to occur hormonal changes.If a pregnant woman has no contraindications, pregnancy proceeds without complications, with the deadline of 17 weeks is recommended to start to make a special set of exercises designed to prepare for the upcoming birth.The exercises are aimed at strengthening the muscles of the perineum.Also in the complex include breathing exercises, knowledge of which is useful in the process of childbirth.
At the twentieth week draws to a close the first half of pregnancy and begin the second trimester.During this period it is important to be aware of the possible risk of the following complications:
- toxicosis, which often develops in the second half after 22 weeks.This condition not only leads to complications in the fetus, as well as a direct cause of maternal deaths.It should pay particular attention to the appearance of a woman of edema, changes in laboratory parameters of urine (the protein) and blood pressure numbers, which become elevated.Assess the condition of the pregnant woman can only be a doctor, so you should see your doctor regularly and take timely clinical analyzes.When the diagnosis of late toxicosis pregnant woman should be promptly hospitalized for complex therapeutic interventions
- anemia in most cases caused by iron deficiency.Antianemic therapy (appointment of iron and vitamin B complex) prevents premature birth, toxicosis second half, infectious complications in the fetus
- complications associated with infringement of production of amniotic fluid - polyhydramnios or oligohydramnios.The presence of this complication can be determined on the basis of an objective examination of the woman (size mismatch height of uterine fundus certain gestational age) and instrumental ultrasound.Most often it can be identified during the passage of another study ultrasound 22-24 weeks gestation
- after 26 weeks of pregnancy, there is a significant increase in the load on the kidneys, so the clinical picture may develop pyelonephritis, or inflammation of the kidneys.When frequent and painful urination, pain in the lumbar region, fever should see a doctor, as it may harm the health of the fetus and the expectant mother
- at time of 27-28 weeks is probable violations complex FPC (or "mother-placenta-plod "), which is the cause of placental insufficiency placental insufficiency - a deviation from the norm .As a consequence, it may cause fetal pain with the formation delay its development.This condition requires an integrated course of metabolic therapy, and preferably in a hospital
By the end of the second trimester and at the beginning of the third hearth fully formed all systems and organs, it is gaining weight, growing.That women could fully devote himself to preparing for the upcoming childbirth, working women 30 weeks of providing prenatal leave.He just needs to relax when there is an opportunity to sleep more walk in the fresh air.It is not necessary at this time to try to redo all the accumulated work at home as a strong fatigue adversely affects the overall well-being.
period after 33-34 weeks the fetus in the uterus takes its basic position - head or legs down.To save establish the correct position of the fetus must be remembered wearing a bandage that supports the abdominal wall and maintains the physiological position of the spine.It is important to wear a bandage - wear it only in the supine position, and before you get out of bed, you must first lie on your side, and then stand up.
At 34 weeks the fetus reaches the point of that at birth he can breathe on his own, his pulmonary system is fully developed.In this period to judge the development of the fetus, his cardiac condition and possibly using a special method of investigation - CTG.During the study, there is a record of heart rate, on the basis of which we can conclude about the state of the baby.From this survey of pregnant should not refuse, since it is absolutely safe for the woman and the fetus.Pregnancy comes to an end, and probably felt a sense of fatigue.
35 week high as possible is the bottom of the uterus and makes it harder to breathe.After fundus falls before delivery occurs relief and it becomes easier to breathe (this occurs after 36 weeks).When it's 38 weeks of pregnancy, it can be considered full-term baby, he was fully prepared for the process of childbirth.It is difficult to determine with certainty the date of birth, as it depends on the individual woman.For pregnant, it is important to monitor for signs of the onset of labor, which are expressed in the development of regular uterine contractions (or fights) or discharge of amniotic fluid.38-40 weeks is the period of the long-awaited birth of the child.