Pregnancy and swelling - whether they are dangerous?
Everyone knows that pregnancy can be swelling and why some women relate to their appearance a few lightly.However, the swelling edema strife.They may be an option rules (rarely), and can talk about any heart disease or kidney disease.Finally, in the second half of pregnancy edema can be a sign of incipient serious complication - preeclampsia.
What is swelling and why they appear in pregnant women
Edema - is excessive accumulation of fluid in tissues and cavities of the body, manifesting an increase in tissue, a change in physical properties (elasticity) and disorders of the edematous tissue.Liquid swelling accumulates in the intercellular space, and the broken fluid and electrolyte balance in the cells.
reason for exit of fluid in the intercellular space is the delay kidney sodium, which has a feature to attract water.Sodium accumulates in the body due to the increased secretion of aldosterone (a hormone of the adrenal cortex, contributes to the accumulation of sodium ions), which arises because of the reduction in cardiac output (heart can not cope with its load) and blood volume.
swelling of tissues easily infected, which creates additional difficulties during pregnancy.Overall swelling becomes more prominent at a delay of 2-4 liters of liquid, which means that there is a latent phase of edema Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause of .
At the heart of all violations of edema pregnant women is a spasm of small blood vessels, reducing blood volume, changes in clotting and blood flow.This leads to a decrease in blood supply to the tissues, which can not function properly.Most sensitive to the lack of blood supply to the brain and kidneys.The placenta also undergoes changes that cause intrauterine growth retardation Fetal development - week after week .
Symptoms of swelling in pregnant women
swelling in pregnant women are initially hidden and manifest themselves in the form of weight gain.If a pregnant woman regularly visits his doctor, he promptly pay attention to it and take appropriate action.If you do not pay attention, it will soon become apparent swelling, begin to form in the area of the ankle, and then spread up to the waist, genitals, abdominal wall, hands them clearly visible with a change in body position, as they are displaced.
edematous skin dry, soft, pale, sometimes (when expressed edema) brilliant.The general condition and well-being of pregnant women while often remains good, no shortness of breath, but blood volume is reduced.
pregnant woman sees herself edema: shoes and rings are close, facial features blurred, swollen eyelids.In the morning the swelling is not as noticeable, because at night the liquid evenly distributed throughout the body.During the day are especially noticeable swelling in the legs: when pressed with your finger on the surface of the pit is formed which lasts for quite some time.
If time does not detect and treat the swelling, then join them other signs of preeclampsia - high blood pressure, protein in the urine protein in the urine - a sign of danger, which should not be underestimated , disorders of the central nervous system.This condition is very dangerous for both the mother and the fetus.
How can uncover hidden edema?
Most often it is possible to identify with the help of the weekly weighing, weight gain more than 300 grams per week, it says that the beginning of the body accumulate fluid.If there is no obvious weight gain and edema suspicion persists, tabulating drunk and allocated liquid per day.The normal daily amount of discharged liquid should be at least 0.75 times the total number of drunk liquid.About
water retention in the body and may indicate a rapid increase in the ankle joint.
For diagnostic purposes, sometimes to the inner surface of the forearm is injected intradermally a small amount of saline solution, which forms at the site of a small blister.In healthy people, the blister resolves within hours edema lasts much longer (blister test).
treatment of edema pregnant
When identifying hidden edema woman doctor prescribes a diet with restriction of salt and fluid.The food is better to cook without salt, add some salt and then gently (no more than 5 grams per day).Exclude fried, fatty and spicy foods.Fluid (together with the first cold) need not consume more than 1 liter per day.
to strengthen the walls of blood vessels assigned ascorbic acid, rutin, and other drugs that can be used for pregnant women.Sometimes prescribed herbal diuretics (such as bearberry).
Typically, the initial signs of swelling of these measures are sufficient.But if the swelling is increasing, they are joined by high blood pressure Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing? and protein in the urine, the treatment is generally continued in the Department of Pathology pregnant maternity hospital.