Pacifier for a baby - whether it is necessary to the kid?
- pacifier for the child - whether it is necessary to the kid?
- How to choose and how to get rid
Among the many useful items intended for babies and care for them, only one has been more than a century is a fierce debate among parents.Reconcile them can not even pediatricians, because their views on this issue is also very controversial.Nevertheless, many generations of children grew up happily, peacefully snoring in bed with a pacifier in his mouth.According to surveys conducted in Western countries, the nipple to the baby often becomes necessary to subject 85% of the children can not do without it in the first months and years of life.
Possible problems associated with non-nutritive sucking
Many mothers rely on pacifiers help when their child is worried and can not sleep.Of course, for parents in such difficult situations, the nipple becomes a good assistant, but whether all children need this help?
Despite the fact that the sucking reflex appears in the unborn child in the fifth month of fetal development and accompanies the baby during the first year of life, sucking the nipple to the baby is not a necessity.In the first 4-6 weeks of a newborn is much more important as often as possible to be at the breast to stimulate milk production in mothers.To offer him a pacifier in the making breastfeeding very rash: There are several studies that show that children who received early pacifier, breastfeeding lasted less than three months.But there was the reason for the refusal of the nipple from the baby's chest or, on the contrary, serious difficulties with breastfeeding mother forced to resort to the help of her nipples?This question pediatricians do not give a clear answer.
child receives breast milk is not for the regime, and on-demand, always able to satisfy their sucking reflex, so the nipple is not a pressing need for it.But it also happens that the child does not want to take the breast, because it is already satisfied, but continues to be capricious, and not having to satisfy their need to suck.If such a situation does not offer the child a pacifier, then soon he will find a way to solve the problem, started to suck his fingers, but this is not the best alternative pacifier.
Possible difficulties with breastfeeding in children, early accustomed to the nipple - is not the only issue that bothers pediatricians.Several studies have shown that baby pacifiers - perfect habitat for mikroorganizov.Most of them are not able to cause any serious diseases, but fungi of the genus Candida and staphylococci still to be feared.According to the study, which was attended by 10 thousand very young people in the UK, 36% of children who are accustomed to the "dummy", colic and ear pain occurred significantly more frequently than in 40% of infants who do not know what the nipple, and 21% of children prefer to suck his fingers.But the health of 2.7% of children, and sucking a pacifier, and her fingers, too, was not up to par.
relationship between non-nutritive sucking and otitis media Otitis - than could face an ear infection seriously worried pediatricians in recent years.The fact that the nipple to the baby is indeed a risk factor for otitis media, talk and studies conducted in 22 countries.All because of the structural features of the eustachian tube in children, through the fistula which pathogens is not too difficult to get out of the mouth and throat to the middle ear.
sucking nipples - it is also the additional risk of infections of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by vomiting, fever, diarrhea and colic, which will inevitably cause a reference to the pediatrician.
However, toddlers, long tied to the nipple, often patients are not only pediatricians but also dentists.Until now, has not been proven conclusively whether Dummy cause early decay details about caries - take care of your teeth is too late , but malocclusion, associated with its use in children are very common, and, according toAmerican Dental Association, the most significant malocclusion malocclusion - what if the mouth is not so as it is necessary? occur in children who continue sucking the nipple over 48 months.Unfortunately, a comparative study of traditional and orthodontic pacifiers form showed no significant differences from their use: no problems with the bite of a child for a long time sucking the nipple - a rare and happy exception.
What is the use of pacifiers
But not all that bad.Like any ambiguous phenomenon that causes a lot of disputes, non-nutritive sucking can not be considered occupation certainly harmful.
In 2005 Bristish Medical Journal published a study conducted by researchers at the University of California (USA).Physicians interested in what is the relationship between the use of pacifiers and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome Sudden Infant Death Syndrome - the cause has not yet been found (SIDS).Comparing the two groups of 185 infants who died from SIDS and 312 healthy children, the researchers made an unexpected conclusion: pacifier use significantly reduces the risk of SIDS, especially in children who sleep on their sides on a soft mattress or are exposed to passive smoking.It is noteworthy that thumb sucking was no less noticeable protective factor.However, doctors are in no hurry to call the parents immediately give a pacifier in his mouth every baby as a causal relationship between non-nutritive sucking and reduced risk of SIDS requires further study.
annual analysis of National Health Service of Great Britain shows that premature babies have learned to suck on a pacifier, you quickly get used to the bottle and suck it more efficiently, getting the necessary nutrition.Using a pacifier can reduce the duration of hospital stay in preterm infants.
Specialists American Academy of Pediatrics acknowledged nipples a means to relieve pain in newborn infants aged up to six months.During vaccination, blood sampling from the finger and veins and other small medical interventions nipple can be a great help for the baby.
Parents need to decide to give or not to give the baby a pacifier, for reasons of good for the child, but certainly not for their own convenience and peace of mind.However, the nipple may be useful only in the first six months of baby's life.From 6 to 10 months, the risks begin to outweigh the benefits of its use, and after two years, it has the benefits of not going.