Colic in infants - how to help your child?
- Colic in infants - how to help your child?
If your newborn baby crying at exactly the same time every day, and you can not calm him down, most likely, his intestinal colic.Colic - a sharp, paroxysmal pain in the gut, which are observed in children younger than six months.Pediatricians are often used for the diagnosis of "three criteria": if the baby cries for more than three hours a day, three days a week for three weeks, and at other times calm and satisfied, it means that he has colic.In short, the main criterion for diagnosis of colic remains unexplained prolonged crying, provided that the child is perfectly healthy.
Colic is very unpleasant for the child and for his parents.But despair: colic continues relatively short time.Within a few weeks or months they are completely terminated, and you can congratulate ourselves on the fact that experienced one of the first serious test of motherhood.
symptoms of colic in infants
perfectly normal for babies to cry and twist the legs, and if your child can not stay quiet for a minute, that does not mean that he has colic.A healthy, well-fed baby colic symptoms are as follows:
Crying about the same time each day.When intestinal colic baby crying at about the same time each day, usually in the afternoon or evening.Attacks of colic can last from a few minutes to three hours or more each day.Crying usually begins suddenly and for no apparent reason.Toward the end of an attack is possible defecation or flatulence Flatulence - when you need to worry about? a child.
strong or inconsolable crying.When intestinal colic cry strong and loud.Face baby often reddens, and reassure him extremely difficult, if not impossible.
change in body position.The kid draws in his feet, clenched his fists, his stomach muscles tensed and his whole posture expresses discomfort.
suffering from intestinal colic approximately 25% of newborns.Colic usually occur in the first weeks of life and partially terminated by three months.Fully colic cease to four to five months.
When should you see a doctor
Consult a doctor immediately if a baby crying can be the result of a fall or injury.
Consult your pediatrician if you are concerned about a baby crying, especially if you notice a change in the behavior of the child, his food or sleep Dreams: how to understand our dreams .Pediatricians recommend to keep a diary of the child and record it on a daily basis, as well as when the baby ate, slept, and so on.
Causes of intestinal colic
exact cause of colic in infants is unknown.Scientists have studied a number of possible perpetrators of colic, including allergies, lactose intolerance, poor digestive system of the child (gastrointestinal tract is not yet fully formed in the intestine do not have enough good bacteria to milk processing, and sometimes there develops pathogenic microflora and Escherichia coli), anxiety anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease? mother, especially feeding, and came to the same conclusion.Still unclear why ceteris paribus in some children having cramps, while others - not.
increased risk of colic are children of mothers who smoked during pregnancy or shortly after birth (through breastfeeding).
There are several theories to explain why some infants are more prone to colic than others, but none of them has been proved.The idea that colic is more common in first-borns or infants on artificial feeding, wrong.It is also not justified by the notion that the child has colic can cause the mother diet (breastfeeding).Colic occur equally in girls and boys, regardless of what they are in the family account.
complications of colic in infants
Although colic in the newborn Colic newborn - what should parents do in this situation? often affects the whole family, they do not have any serious consequences for the health of the child and do not cause complications.Infants who have had colic, grow and develop quite normally.
diagnosis of colic in infants
pediatrician examines a child in order to identify any possible reason for his anxiety and crying, such as intestinal obstruction.If the baby is healthy, he is diagnosed intestinal colic.
Laboratory tests, X-rays and other diagnostic methods in this case is usually not required, but if there is some uncertainty, they help to exclude other diagnoses.
Drug treatment of colic in infants
Colic in infants over time (usually up to three months) are on their own, without medical intervention.At the same time, there are few options for drug treatment.Thus, drugs that reduce gas formation, such as simethicone, were not very effective in treating colicky infants.
Some studies show that treatment with probiotics - substances that help maintain the natural balance of "good" bacteria in the digestive tract - can reduce colic.However, more research is needed to determine the mechanism of the effect of probiotics on colic.
before giving your child any medication for colic, consult your doctor.